Korematsu vs. US

By: Khoa and Ji

Issue of the case

Japanese citizens of America were put in internment camps because President Franklin Roosevelt wanted to ban then from areas that deemed critical to domestic security. Fred Korematsu was an American-born citizen of the Japanese descent who refused to leave his home. He was arrested and his case went to the Supreme Court. This violates the 14th amendment.

Decisions made

The Supreme Court upheld the conviction of Fred Korematsu. It was a 6 to 3 ruling issue on December 18, 1944. Justice Hugo Black was the one who wrote the majority. He said that the nation's security concerns outweighed the Constitution's promise of equal rights. Justice Robert Jackson, Justice Owen Roberts, and Justice Frank Murphy dissented from the majority. They said that Korematsu did nothing wrong for refusing to leave his home, where he has lived for all his life, and he was convicted of an act that was not a crime.

Impact

After the war, the Congress enacted the Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act of 1948 that provided money to citizens who had lost their properties during the war. In times, people looked at this case and realized that it was unfair to Japanese Americans. In 1998, Fred Korematsu was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Bill Clinton.