Jim Crow Laws vs. Nuremberg Laws

By Marissa Garceau and Jennifer Merriman

Jim Crow Laws Vs. Nuremberg Laws

The late 1800s and early 1900s were years that have changed the world in which we live in today. America has seen some very bad things in it’s short lifespan but the rest of the world has seen worse. We all have made mistakes and live in a world that now sees the world not like it did years ago. Our world used to be close minded and scared of change and these laws are examples of what can happen when humans become scared. Although both caused many social and psychological issues, the German Nuremberg laws were more atrocious than the horrific Jim Crow laws in the United States of the 20th Century. JM

Supporting Groups of the Laws

The K.K.K

The Ku Klux Klan, also known as the KKK, had over 40 different clans around the U.S. One common misconception was that the KKK was one group, when in actuality it was split up. The KKK had terrorized African Americans since 1886, and their hatred spread to other minorities, homosexuals, and for a period of time, Catholics. (1)

The KKK would lynch in mobs, have public demonstrations, use internet propaganda, mass mailings, and murder. The members would wear costumes that were to hide their identities and to strike fear to those who would see the events happen. They were considered to be the first terrorist group within America. (2) JM

The Nazi's

The Nazi's were a political party started by Hitler and became more prominent from 1933-1945. Hitler was considered a charismatic and manipulative speaker who had taken over the minds of Germans. They were so lost and economically disadvantaged and he promised a change, as long there was a complete revolution. (3)

The Nazi's believed in a master race, or an Aryan. They were to be blond, tall, and with blue eyes. In 1933, doctors were allowed to sterilize "inferiors" without consent. (4) They had also shot thousands of Polish jews. Nazi's had confined jews to ghettos where they were starved to death, forced into slave labor, and even sent to death camps. (5) JM

Segregation that occured from the Laws

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Segregation in America

These laws practically took away all the rights that had been gained after slavery. Some examples of these laws were that white female nurses were not required to work anywhere with african american men and any white woman and negro man who were living together but not married would be either imprisoned for no more than 12 months or fined no more than $500 dollars.

The kinds of laws where African Americans were segregated affected almost every inch of their life. Interracial marriages were not allowed in many states, bathing had to be separate, schools were separate, restaurants were separate, buying train tickets were separate, almost everything was separate. (6) JM

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Segregation in Germany

The Nuremberg Laws first classified anyone with 3 or 4 Jewish grandparents as a Jew. In 1936, right before the Olympic games held in Berlin, Germany removed some of its "Jews Unwelcome" signs from public places. Right afterwards they began to discriminate Jews even more. Jews had to wear identity cards, which are gave those who didn't have Jewish names were given new middle names. (7)

Over 400 rules and regulations restricted all of Jews lives, public and private. Many of these laws were national laws and others were made in their own regions. Hundreds of people within Germany were involved in the persecution of Jews and they supported anti-Jewish regulations. (8) JM

Rights that were taken away

America

In the 1890s, the right to vote had been taken away from many African Americans due to the grandfather clause, literacy tests, and poll taxes. Once the Jim Crow laws were introduced, social rights were taken away. Education is a right and the quality of education for African Americans were declining due to segregated schools. Freedom became very limited for African Americans around this time. They were considered free but had many limitations to what they could do. (9) JM

Germany

With the Nuremberg Laws, Jews had no rights whatsoever. They went from being equal with the average German citizen to being forced into poor living conditions and work/death camps. The first major law to restrict Jew's rights was the "Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service." It was passed on April 7, 1933 which basically said that Jews couldn't work for the government and were excluded from organizations, professions, and other aspects of public life. After the first law was passed, it just kept going down hill from there.(10) MG

Living Conditions

Holocaust Survivor Testimonies: Selection in Auschwitz

Jacki Handali and Rita Weiss

Both of these people are an example of what happened to them during their time at Auschwitz and the poor living conditions they experienced. MG
Holocaust Survivor Testimonies: Daily Life in the Concentration Camps

Rita Weiss

This woman was sent to Auschwitz with her family. In June of 1944, 48 members of her family were murdered there, which left her as an orphan for her entire life. MG
Holocaust Survivor Testimonies: The Chelmno Death Camp- Shimon Srebrnik

Shimon Srebrnik

He was sent to the Chelmno death camp. This camp was the first death camp in Poland and only 3 Jews survived this camp. (12) In January of 1945, he and 48 other Jews were shot in the back of the head, but he somehow lived. He was 13 when he arrived, but the Nazis kept him alive because they liked keeping the healthy males around and made them race each other for amusement. Shimon usually always won the races, so the Nazis helped keep him alive. They also loved his singing voice.(13) (14) MG
Holocaust Survivor Testimonies: The Death Marches

Herta Goldman and Lea Frank Holitz

Both of these women talk about what it was like during the Death Marches. MG

Living Conditions for Jews

The majority of Jews were all sent to either concentration camps, ghettos, or work camps. They were starved, abused, hit, kicked, whipped, etc. They had no rights and really couldn't do anything at all except wait for the war to be over, or death to come. MG

Jim Crow Laws Effects of African Americans

Jim Crow Laws were more than just laws. They became the way of life. They were followed with no question. These laws taught African Americans that they were inferior to whites in all aspects of their life, which results in many problems. This greatly limited African Americans. It was believed that treating African Americans as equals would result in interracial marriages and other behaviors of that manner. Along with Jim Crow Laws came Jim Crow etiquette, which had to be followed as well. Some of these include African American males couldn't shake hands with white males because it implied that they were socially equal and they weren't allowed to show any PDA towards each other because it offended whites. African American males also wouldn't dare offer any part of their body to white women for the fear of being accused of rape. African Americans couldn't ever comment upon the appearance of a white female. They also couldn't laugh at a white person in a way that could be considered mockery. (10) MG

89 Years of Jim Crow Laws Vs. 10 Years of Nuremberg Laws

89 Years of Jim Crow

Jim Crow Laws started during the Reconstruction period when African Americans were given rights. The people in the South didn't agree with this, so they created the Jim Crow Laws to limit what African Americans could do. They used intimidation and fear to keep these laws enforced. They finally ended during the Civil Rights Movement. MG

10 Years of Nuremberg Laws

The start of Nuremberg Laws was because of Hitler and survived through the enforcement of Nazis. They came to an end when World War II ended. MG

Conclusion

The Nuremberg Laws were much more harsh than the Jim Crow Laws because of the intensity of them in such a short period of time. Millions of people were killed because of the Nuremberg Laws. It had affected the world in which we live in and scarred the lives of many innocent people. The Jim Crow laws were cruel but the Nuremberg laws created an uprising that made a huge impact in our world. MG