What and why?
The Taj Mahal was built in 1632 by emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife who died giving birth to their 23rd child. It stands on the south side of the Yamuna river in Agra, India. It took just over 20 years to build and it is known in the architectrual world as a great acomplishment because of when it was built along with the complexablitly of the structure.
The Taj Mahals influences
It features many influences like Persian, Islamic and Indian. At the top the dome seems to change color as the sunlight or the moonlight seems to hit it. Today it is one of the worlds most popular monuments of the world. Named the Taj Mahal in honor of Mumtaz Mahal, the mausoleum was constructed of white marble inlaid with semi-precious stones (including jade, crystal, lapis lazuli, amethyst and turquoise) forming intricate designs in a technique known as pietra dura.
Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in loving memory of his wife.