Living with Diabetes

The Struggles and habits of a type 1 Diabetic

What is diabetes type 1?

Diabetes Type One is when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. When insulin is not produced, the cells are unable to unlock to allow the glucose to enter. Therefore causing the person to feel fatigued, have weight loss, have excessive thirst and urination or blurred vision. This type of diabetes generally affects juveniles.

The Diet of a Diabetic

  • Diabetics can have a really strict diet, consisting of fruits and low-calories foods. The total calories that a diabetic can take are 1800 calories per day.
  • The protein is 46 g, the carbohydrates is 130 g, the dietary fiber is 25 g, the total fat is 20-35% calories, Saturated fat is less than 10% calories, linoleum acid is 12 g, while monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat is unlimited. This list below is just a more detailed look of the diet of a type one diabetic.

Grains- 6 ounces

Whole Grains: Greater than or equal to 3 ounces

Refined Grains: Less than or equal to 3 ounces

Vegetables- 2 1/2 cups

Dark Green: 1 1/2 cups a week

Red & Orange: 5 1/2 cups a week

Beans & Peas: 1 1/2 cups a week

Starchy: 5 cups a week

Other: 4 cups a week

Fruits- 1 1/2 cups

Whole Fruit: No Specific Target

Fruit Juice: No Specific Target

Dairy- 3 cups

Milk and Yogurt: No Specific Target

Cheese: No Specific Target

Protein Foods

Seafood: 8 ounces each week

Meat, Poultry & Eggs: No Specific Target

Nuts, Seeds, & Soy: No Specific Target

Oils- 5 teaspoons


Total Calories: 1800 Calories

Empty Calories: Less than or equal to 161 calories

Blood Sugar Monitoring and Adjustment

To monitor blood sugar or the concentration of glucose in the blood you will need a lancing device, test strip, and a blood sugar monitoring meter.

  1. First you have to wash your hands, obtain a test strip and insert it in your meter.
  2. Apply lancing device to the side of any finger of your choosing, prick your finger to obtain a drop of blood.
  3. Hold or touch the test strip to the drop of blood, wait for your results since they will appear on your meters display or screen.

People who test their blood sugar generally are who are taking insulin, having a hard time controlling glucose levels, having low blood glucose levels, have ketones due to high blood sugar levels, or are pregnant. Also, many diabetics have ultimately learned how to control their blood glucose without any problems but that also depends on how severe their situation is. Type 1 diabetics need to take insulin since their body can't produce it, the insulin in usually in pill form, injections or by a catheter.

Adult Blood Sugar Level Chart

Having a regular blood sugar level is very crucial to a diabetic, if the levels reach too high or too low the person may fall into a diabetic coma. Symptoms may be extreme urination, extreme thirst, weight loss, and feeling fatigue.

Exercise & Lifestyle

Carrying out exercises is one of the main ways to stay fit and control your diabetes. Performing aerobic exercises helps the body use insulin better, relieves stress, helps out with blood circulation and also can diminish the danger of heart disease by lowering or blood pressure and glucose. Also it helps out with improving cholesterol levels.

  • According to the American Diabetes Association, it is recommended to work out for thirty minutes from moderate to vigorous intensity or 150 minutes every week and to not go two days in a row without exercising.
  • Examples of exercises are; ice-skating, rowing, hiking, jogging, running, tennis, swimming, bicycling, dancing, or vigorous walking.

Who can help?

There are many bio-medical providers that could assist a diabetic with there common problems but these professions are some of them;

  • Nutritionist: Since a diabetic needs to watch out the type of food they need they also need guidance to understand what type of food they need to consume a Nutritionist is someone who guides and explains the type of food that you need based on your weight, lifestyle, and medications.
  • Ophthalmologist: Since diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the eyes it is a good idea Ophthalmologist, who is a doctor who diagnoses and treats all types of eye disease or disorders.
  • Endocrinologist: A doctor who has a specialization in treating diabetes and alternative disease of the endocrine body system which is a systems of glands and also where the hormones control the body's functions.

Big image

  • "Jogging Quotes." . QuotesGram. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

  • "Checking Your Blood Glucose." American Diabetes Association. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

  • "What We Recommend." American Diabetes Association. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
  • "Good News for Diabetics Who Are Sick of the Finger Prick." EurekAlert! Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
  • "Top 11 Doctor Insights on Can You Have Anemia and Gestational Diabetes at the Same Time - HealthTap." HealthTap. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.
  • "Your Health Care Team." American Diabetes Association. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

  • "Dale Evans Quote." A-Z Quotes. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.

  • "Normal Blood Sugar Levels Chart for Adults." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 12 Apr. 2016.