Living with Diabetes
The Struggles and habits of a type 1 Diabetic
What is diabetes type 1?
The Diet of a Diabetic
- Diabetics can have a really strict diet, consisting of fruits and low-calories foods. The total calories that a diabetic can take are 1800 calories per day.
- The protein is 46 g, the carbohydrates is 130 g, the dietary fiber is 25 g, the total fat is 20-35% calories, Saturated fat is less than 10% calories, linoleum acid is 12 g, while monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat is unlimited. This list below is just a more detailed look of the diet of a type one diabetic.
Grains- 6 ounces
Whole Grains: Greater than or equal to 3 ounces
Refined Grains: Less than or equal to 3 ounces
Vegetables- 2 1/2 cups
Dark Green: 1 1/2 cups a week
Red & Orange: 5 1/2 cups a week
Beans & Peas: 1 1/2 cups a week
Starchy: 5 cups a week
Other: 4 cups a week
Fruits- 1 1/2 cups
Whole Fruit: No Specific Target
Fruit Juice: No Specific Target
Dairy- 3 cups
Milk and Yogurt: No Specific Target
Cheese: No Specific Target
Seafood: 8 ounces each week
Meat, Poultry & Eggs: No Specific Target
Nuts, Seeds, & Soy: No Specific Target
Oils- 5 teaspoons
Total Calories: 1800 Calories
Empty Calories: Less than or equal to 161 calories
Blood Sugar Monitoring and Adjustment
- First you have to wash your hands, obtain a test strip and insert it in your meter.
- Apply lancing device to the side of any finger of your choosing, prick your finger to obtain a drop of blood.
- Hold or touch the test strip to the drop of blood, wait for your results since they will appear on your meters display or screen.
People who test their blood sugar generally are who are taking insulin, having a hard time controlling glucose levels, having low blood glucose levels, have ketones due to high blood sugar levels, or are pregnant. Also, many diabetics have ultimately learned how to control their blood glucose without any problems but that also depends on how severe their situation is. Type 1 diabetics need to take insulin since their body can't produce it, the insulin in usually in pill form, injections or by a catheter.
Exercise & Lifestyle
- According to the American Diabetes Association, it is recommended to work out for thirty minutes from moderate to vigorous intensity or 150 minutes every week and to not go two days in a row without exercising.
- Examples of exercises are; ice-skating, rowing, hiking, jogging, running, tennis, swimming, bicycling, dancing, or vigorous walking.
Who can help?
There are many bio-medical providers that could assist a diabetic with there common problems but these professions are some of them;
- Nutritionist: Since a diabetic needs to watch out the type of food they need they also need guidance to understand what type of food they need to consume a Nutritionist is someone who guides and explains the type of food that you need based on your weight, lifestyle, and medications.
- Ophthalmologist: Since diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the eyes it is a good idea Ophthalmologist, who is a doctor who diagnoses and treats all types of eye disease or disorders.
Endocrinologist: A doctor who has a specialization in treating diabetes and alternative disease of the endocrine body system which is a systems of glands and also where the hormones control the body's functions.
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