Taiga/Boreal Forest Biome (:

By: Sydney, Alaina, Rain, and Isabella

Where is it? Why it's is North America and Canada!

  1. The boreal forest (also known as the taiga, a russian word meaning swampy moist forest) is found in a nearly continuous belt across North America and Eurasia. Most of Canada and Russia are covered by coniferous trees that make up this biome.

The temperature range is nice and cool!

Climate in the taiga is cold, with average annual temperatures from about +5° to-5° C. The taiga climate is for the most part dominated by cold arctic air. Exceptionally cold winds bring bitterly cold air from the Arctic Circle: the temperatures fall even more on clear nights when there is no cloud cover. Because of earth's tilt, the taiga is turned away from the sun in the winter. Less of the sun's radiation reaches the ground to warm it up. The taiga climate has an average annual rainfall of 12 - 33 inches (30 - 84 cm). Most of it falls in the summer as rain. The corresponding biome would be the Taiga biome.
Big image

Some animals found in the Taiga are...

Some Plants in the Taiga are...

Pine, spruce, and fir trees!

Not many plants can live in the Taiga due to harsh weather. Some plant life that does survive there are coniferous trees such as, pine, spruce, and fir trees. Forestry is the worst threat to the plants. Other things that threaten them are forest fires, insects, and pesticides. Pine trees (Pinus spp.) are the most common coniferous tree worldwide, numbering around 100 species. These trees form large forests characterized by wide open areas with sunlight spilling to the forest floor. Pines are sun-loving trees that do not grow well under shady conditions. Roughly 40 species of spruce trees (Picea spp.) exist worldwide. These needled evergreens typically perform best in a site offering full sun, acidic soil and good drainage but don’t grow well in clay soil. In the landscape, spruce trees usually require minimal pruning and grow in a variety of colors, including yellow and silvery blue. Blue spruce trees (Picea pungens), also called Colorado spruce, are a popular choice for landscaping and holiday trees. Fir Trees are symmetrical, evergreen, coniferous trees that range in mature height from 10-80 metres. Their branches grow in a whorl around the tree each year, making it easy to figure out the age of the tree.

~Taiga Biome Fun Facts!~

Although there are not many animals in the taiga biome, it inhabits millions of insects. Birds migrate there to feed off these insects every year. Scientists believe that the taiga biome was completely covered by glaciers many years ago. Fires are very common in the taiga biome. These fires are necessary to help rid the area of old and sick trees. With the exceptions of Moscow and Toronto, most people don’t live in the Taiga. The Taiga is a unique, thriving environment that we need to maintain the health of our planet. By knowing these facts, we can make sure that the Taiga continues to survive by being able to take care of it properly. The Boreal forest is the world's largest land-based biome. Spreading over continents and covering many countries, the Boreal plays a significant role in the planet's biodiversity and even its climate. The Boreal Forest is named after Boreas, the Greek god of the North wind.