Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus

Who Discovered Diabetes?

In 1916 Elliott Joslin, a MD from Oxford MA, discovered and research diabetes. He later went on to found the Joslin Diabetes Center.

Who has researched diabetes?

The following is a list of people that have researched Diabetes.


  • Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer
  • Elliott Joslin
  • Fredrick Banting
  • Charles Best
  • J.J.R. Macleod
  • James Collip
  • Eli Lilly
  • Priscilla White
  • Rachmiel Levine
  • Solomon Berson
  • Rosalyn Yallow
  • American Diabetes association

Current Research Statues

Type 1 Diabetes is still being researched to further and better combat the disease.


The most recent discovery for Type 1 Diabetes was a discovery by Thomas Delong on February 12, 2016. His discovery was in relation to the body's immune system and how it changes in relation to Diabetes.

How often is someone born with Type 1 Diabetes?

  • In the United States every year Type 1 Diabetes occurs in 10 to 20 per 100,000 people.
  • 1.4 million Americans are diagnosed with Diabetes (Type 1 & 2) every year.
  • 9.3% of the American population has Diabetes (Type 1 & 2).

Frequency in Different Ethnicities


  • 7.6% - Non-Hispanic Whites
  • 9.0% - Asian Americans
  • 12.8% - Hispanics
  • 13.2% - Non-Hispanic Blacks
  • 15.9% - American Indians/Alaskan Natives

Signs and Symptoms

If you or someone you know are experiencing these symptoms, please contact a medical professional.


  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Feeling very hungry
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts/bruises heal slowly
  • Weight loss despite efforts to gain weight

Treatments

Type 1 Diabetes can be treated with Insulin or an Oral Medication.

Prognosis (Typical)

  • Men - Lose 11 years of life.
  • Women - Lose 13 years of life.

Type 1 Diabetes Pedigree

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Disease Inheritance

Type 1 Diabetes can be inherited from parents, but just because you inherit the gene does not mean that you will have diabetes; you can be a carrier for the disease. Type 1 Diabetes is a sex-linked inherited disease. The inheritance pattern for everyone that has Type 1 is unknown.


Type 1 Diabetes is known as a complex trait. Due to the fact that is is complex means that several mutations in several genes is what contributes to the disease.


The following Chromosomal Mutations could contribute to Diabetes:

  • Deletion Mutation
  • Duplication Mutation
  • Inversion Mutation
  • Translocation Mutation

Sources

"Type 1 Diabetes." Genetics Home Reference. N.p., 28 Mar. 2016. Web. 04 Apr. 2016.

<https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/type-1-diabetes>.


"American Diabetes Association." American Diabetes Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2016. <http://www.diabetes.org/>.


"Type 1 Diabetes (Juvenile Diabetes) Causes, Symptoms, Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 04 Apr. 2016. <http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/type-1-diabetes-guide/type-1-diabetes>.