Kingdoms of Africa

By taj darkazalli

The kingdom of Ghana

Ghana is located in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d' Ivoire and Togo.



The government of Ghana was unitary presidential constitutional republic , meaning that the President is both the head of state and the head of government.



The economy of Ghana, has a diverse and rich resource base with a primary manufacturing and exportation of digital technology goods combined with automotive and ship construction and exploration, as well as exportation of diverse and rich resource hydrocarbons, industrial minerals among many others makes Ghana attain one of the highest GDP per capita in Africa.



The Empire of Ghana fell because the Arabs came in from North America and invaded. This was one of the factors that lead to the slow decline of Ghana. Another was the Almoravids. They took over the trading route.

Mali

Location-Mali is a landlocked nation in West Africa , located southwest of Algeria.


The government of Mali is Unitary state, Semi-presidential system, Republic

Meaning It means that the government makes all of the rules and it is controlled by a president and another leader in power.


The Economy of Mali is based to a large extent on agriculture, with a mostly rural population, many of whom are engaged in subsidence agriculture mali is among the ten poorest nations in the world


Mali's fall was due to the weakness of the leader that took the place of Mansa Musa, Mali's most powerful leader who died in 1337.



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Songhai

The Songhai was a strong government. They were a large empire, the largest in West Africa's history, and reigned from 1340-1591. They had two very significant rulers, Sunni Ali, and Askia the Great. Under Sunni Ali, known for his military accomplishments, gained almost all their land and established a great wealth.



The Songhai Empire was in Africa in North-West of Nigeria but moved up to West of Sudan.



The economy of the Songhai Empire was very strong and efficient. The city of Jenne was the center of trade, located in the middle of the empire.



The empire fell when it split into many smaller kingdoms.