Freud in Psychology

Personality Theory and Ego Defense Mechanisms

Freud's Personality Theory

Perhaps Freud's most memorable contributions to psychology were his ideas on personality, both consciously and subconsciously. He claimed that everyone had three sections of the mind that develop gradually: the id, the superego and the ego. When one is born they have only the id. This is the fundamental, unconscious drive to get what you desire as so as possible while paying no heed to consequences. The superego, however, is one's moral. It is the drive to do what's right, and is in both the subconscious and conscious mind. Finally, it's the ego's job to rationalize and keep the id and superego in balance. Similar to superego, ego is both subconscious and conscious.

Ego Defense Mechanisms

The ego's job is arguably the biggest and most important because it has to keep the id and superego balanced, while keeping a rational look on the situation. When it can't satisfy both, it gets overwhelmed and employs defense mechanisms to maintain peace.


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