Tiger

Logan Frederick Period 8 5/16/16

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Habitat

Tigers are mostly solitary animals, meaning they mostly live alone (Tiger). They are able to live in almost every habitat. They can survive deep snow and temperatures -40 degrees Fahrenheit. Tigers have been found in the snow of the Himalaya Mountains at 9,800 feet (Watt, 29). They only need shade, water, and food to be able to live in the many different environments they do (Frank). But, that's not all. Tigers need thick plant cover and big prey for eating (Watt, 29). Tigers are found in the rain forests of Thailand, the woods of India, and the spruce forests of Siberia. They are also found in mangrove swamps, tall grassland, bamboo thickets, rocky mountain slopes, river valleys, rain forests, and semi-evergreen forests (Watt, 29).

Movement

Tigers are four legged animals, that are able to reach speeds up to 60 MPH (Tiger). When tigers run short distances they are really quick, but they can't run super fast for long (Frank). With all the power tigers have they can run, swim, jump, and climb trees (Tiger). Tigers are able to swim across rivers or swim back and forth from islands. They don't usually climb trees, but will in emergencies (Frank),(Tiger 2). Tigers usually hunt at night by using its sense of smell, hearing, and vision. They stalk their prey or wait undercover and at the right moment they sprint towards their prey (Frank). Using their sharp claws and canines the tiger pulls down its prey and holds it in place eventually killing it (Frank).
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Body Covering


Tigers are a part of the phylum chordata, which means they have a vertebrate (Tiger). A tiger's coat can be a brownish-yellow to a orange-red. Black stripes run all over the tiger's body creating a unique stripe pattern (Frank). The fur underneath the tiger, where their throat, belly, and the insides of their legs is a whitish color. The tiger's fur is soft and thick, but tigers that live in Siberia, where there are cold winters have a shaggy coat (Frank). Many male tigers have a ruff of hair on the sides of their face. Tigers are also equipped with sharp claws and large canines for attacking prey and defending against predators (Frank). Some tigers have white fur with chocolate-brown or black stripes (Frank). This type of tiger is called a white tiger. They have blue eyes unlike all other tigers that have yellow eyes (Frank).

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Diet

Tigers are carnivores that eat many different types of animals and drink water. They can eat at least 50 pounds of food in one night. They eat mammals such as deer, antelope, wild cattle, and wild pigs (Frank). They also hunt peafowls, monkeys, and frogs. Tigers may eat young rhinos and elephants. Sometimes, Tigers eat porcupines, but if they do the porcupines quills may stick into the tigers face resulting in painful wounds (Frank). If food is really scarce or the tiger is sick or wounded they have been known to attack humans (Frank).

Reproduction

Tigers reproduce from November to April. They reproduce sexually, with internal fertilization (Tiger). The cubs developed inside of the tigress and are given birth to after a gestation period of over three months. The female tiger gives birth to 2 or 3 cubs and they are extremely blind right after birth (Tiger). Tiger cubs weigh about 2 to 3 pounds at birth, but can rapidly put on 100 grams (0.22 pounds) of weight every day. They depend on their mother for food until they are about one year old (Frank). When the cubs are 2 to 3 years old they are fully independent and leave their mother (Tiger).
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Adaptations

Tigers are powerful animals, with sharp claws and large canines for protecting themselves and for attacking their prey (Tiger). Adult male tigers claim their territory by their sent and urine. They mark trees to let other males know that it's their territory (Frank). Tigers predators are humans, wild dogs, adult elephants, and water buffaloes. Tigers try to avoid its predators by not being heard or seen and instead of fighting they run away (Tiger 2). Tigers will eat one of its predators the water buffalo. This behavior is common where hunters wiped out most of the tigers food source (Frank).

Other Info

  • Adult male tigers weigh about 420 pounds (Frank)
  • Adult male tigers are about 9 feet long including their 3 foot tail (Frank)
  • Adult female tigers are called tigresses (Frank)
  • Adult female tigers weigh about 300 pounds (Frank)
  • Adult female tigers are 8 feet long (Frank)
  • Scientific Name: Panthera tigris (Frank)
  • There are six different subspecies of tiger (Tiger)
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Work Cited

Frank, Elizbeth S. "Tiger." World Book Advanced. N.p.: n.p., 2016. N. pag. World Book. Web. 9 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar557740&st=tiger#tab=homepage>.


- - -. "Tiger." World Book Advanced. N.p.: n.p., 2016. N. pag. World Book. Web. 9 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar557740&st=tiger#tab=homepage>.


Herbert, Harry John. "Rhinoceros." World Book Advanced. N.p.: n.p., 2016. N. pag. World Book. Web. 15 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar467340&st=rhino#tab=homepage>.


Kasnoff, Craig. "Tigers in Crisis." WebPath Express. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. WebPath Express. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://www.tigersincrisis.com/>.


Raedeke, Kenneth J. "Deer." World Book Advanced. N.p.: n.p., 2016. N. pag. World Book. Web. 15 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar151960&st=deer#tab=homepage>.


Susman, Randall L. "Monkey." World Book Advanced. N.p.: n.p., 2016. N. pag. World Book. Web. 15 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar367940&st=monkey#tab=homepage>.


"Tiger." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™. New York:Columbia University Press: n.p., 2016. N. pag. Gale Research in Context. Web. 15 May 2016. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sort=RELEVANCE&docType=Topic+overview&tabID=T001&prodId=MSIC&searchId=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchType=BasicSearchForm&contentSegment=&currentPosition=1&searchResultsType=SingleTab&inPS=true&userGroupName=auro18260&docId=GALE%7CA69230593&contentSet=GALE%7CA69230593>.


"Tiger." WebPath Express. N.p.: n.p., 2008. WebPath Express. Web. 13 May 2016. <http://a-z-animals.com/animals/tiger/>.


Tigers. N.p.: Raintree Steck~Vaughn, 2002. Print.