The Fourth Amendment

By: Ishan Patel

What does The amendment say in the constitution

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things Ro be seized.

What does the amendment means?

The fourth amendment stops police officers/ The Government from coming into your home, looking through your stuff, and taking it away for evidence or for personal use. Police officers need a search warrant or a good reason to search a persons house.

What is the historical background of this amendment?

Back then,when their was a crime, police officers would raid each house at night in order to find the evidence of the criminal or the criminal him/herself. So the government created to 4th amendment so that police needed a search warrant to check a persons house.
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Court Cases (Terry v. Ohio 392 U.S. 1, 88 S.Ct. 1968, 20 L.Ed.2d 889 1968)

police officer witnessed three men in front of a jewelry store and suspected that a robbery was being planned. He approached the men and identified them as Chilton and Terry and discovered illegal concealed weapons. the Defendants were appealed, claiming that the officer violated their Fourth Amendment right against unlawful searches and seizures.