Nonfiction literary terms


1. objective

not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts

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A judge has to be objective while determining a fate of a case.

A judge is a very objective person because they need to not let emotion and feeling getting in the way of their choices of a criminal.


based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions .

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A Critic has to be subjective because people look to them for their opinion.

The critic liked the food because of his past experiences and personal taste .


prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another

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Example: If your brother ran for student government you would vote for him because you are related.

If my favorite soccer country team was playing in the final for the world cup I would root for them.

4.Credible Valid

Believable / having a sound basis in logic or fact

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Synonyms- believable, trust worthy fact

I had to be credible when I told my friend I would bring him a dollar when I owed him.


argument or reasoning put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument

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Synonyms: challenge opposition Antonyms: agreement constent

My brother allways has a counterargument to whatever I say.


A mistaken belief, esp. one based on unsound argument

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Synonym: elusion Antonyms: fact evidence

It is a fallacy that big foot is real


The general attitude of a piece of writing

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Synonym sound quality, Emphasis Antonym unimportance.

In the story the tone made me feel so happy for the character.


an idea that pervades a work of literature
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Synonym: subject, topic

When you are reading a book its good to know the theme so you can understand it better.

9.Point of view

a particular attitude or way of considering a matter

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Synonyms: Angle Outlook perspective

When your point of view is through the authors eye you see the story differently than when it is though a character

10.Emotional Appeal

attempt to persuade the reader through and appeal to emotions,

morals, or values

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Synonyms: heartbreaking tear jerker

The commercials of the poor kid needing money for food or the dog that was abused and needs money for a place to stay, this emotionally appeals to you by it being sad or happy.

11.Logical Appeal

Attempt to persuade the reader based on statistics and facts;


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Synonyms: legitimate reasonable

Its logical to go to the doctor or stay home when you are running a fever.

12.Rhetorical Question

asked in order to produce an effect or to make a statement rather than to elicit information

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Synonyms: statement Comment

It was a Rhetorical Question when i said that note is a F RIGHT HEATHER