Tropical Rainforest

By: Kennedy Norris

About this biome...

Tropical rainforests have a wide variety of organisms due to its high rate of vegetation and rainfall. Tropical Rainforests have a high net primary productivity. There is a very high rate of biodiversity in this biome and contain at least half of the world's plant and animal species. This is a very diverse biome of the world. There are different layers of the rainforest including the canopy layer which is the sunny level in which most plants absorb light where others cannot get any, which results in lower soil quality.

Location, location, location!

Tropical rainforests are located near the equator. Specifically, it is concentrated between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

Countries to visit? Brazil, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Peru, Indonesia, Belize, Bolivia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Gabon, Guyana, India, Jamaica, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Myanmar, Venezuela.


Tropical rainforests are high in temperature year round. High humidity, daily rainfall are also important climatic characteristics of a tropical rainforest. Temps range between 70-90 degrees.
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Animals And Plant Species In This Biome-

One of the biggest defining characteristics of tropical rainforests are their species richness. These animals are seen most consistently this type of biome (tropical rainforest):

~ Plant communities- Some of the most popular and numerous plant species consist of: Bromeliads, Buttress roots, carnivorous plants, Epiphytes, Lianas, Orchids, Saprophytes, Stilt/prop roots, Strangler fig

~ Animal communities- Some of the most popular and numerous animal species consist of: Tree snail, macaw, poison arrow frog, toucan, morpho butterfly, spider monkey, boa constrictors, sloth, rhinoceros beetle, jaguars, and many more

Adaptations- The Bengal Tiger

These tigers are adapted to hunt prey in the most efficient way. Retractable claws, nocturnal vision, soft pads on paws, and camouflage of coat/stripes make it easier for the tiger to catch and kill their prey.

Adaptations- Kapok Tree

The kapok tree is 150 feet tall to reach light above the canopy of the rainforest. Spikes on the trunk of the tree to prevent predators from harming it.

What Are We Doing?

Humans effect these forests in many ways. One way they do this is by deforestation. By clearing these forests, the effects of global warming are speeding up and nearly 137 species are lost per day in the rainforest. This is a huge percentage of the world's species population. People want to develop these forests for their own personal gain. Mining, agriculture, industry are all examples for the reason humans clear these beautiful forests. But humans can also use the resources from the tropical rainforest at a fast rate which results in over harvesting these crops too quickly then they can reproduce.


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-Woodward DSL. 2012 Jan 1. Biomes of the World. Radford University; [accessed 2016 Jan 28].

-Spoolman SE. 2011. AP Edition- Living In The Environment. Canada: Yolanda Cossio .

-Learning E ed. 1998 Jan 1. Sampling of Tropical Rainforest Animals . Enchanted Learning ; [accessed 2016 Jan 28].