Wanted : Anthrax

Aliases : Bacillus anthracis

Mug Shot and other Pictures

Attacks

Where it attacks

It starts it attacks in the lymph nodes, but multiplies and infects the whole body

Different types of infections

Anthrax infections happens when people breathe in spores, eat food or drink water that is contaminated with spores, or get spores in a cut or scrape in the skin, or injects the anthrax usually through heroin

How it is transmitted

Its gets to you working with infected animals, or infected animal products like hides or under-cooked/raw meats. In some rare cases in transmits from person to person by skin lesions or it has been seen in Europe thought heroin injections

Victims

What organisms it usually infects

It rarely infects humans, mainly animals, but in some other countries it is more common for example
  • Central and South America
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Central and southwestern Asia
  • Southern and eastern Europe
  • The Caribbean

What types of people get exposed

Some chances that increase exposition chances are working jobs such as


  • Veterinarians
  • Laboratory professionals
  • Livestock producers
  • People who handle animal products
  • Mail handlers, military personnel, and response workers who may be exposed during a bioterror event involving anthrax spores

Crimes

Cutaneous anthrax

  • A group of small blisters or bumps that may itch
  • A painless skin sore (ulcer) with a black center that appears after the small blisters or bumps
    • Most often the sore will be on the face, neck, arms, or hands
    • Swelling can occur around the sore

Inhalation anthrax

  • Fever and chills
  • Chest discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Confusion or dizziness
  • Cough
  • Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains
  • Headache
  • Sweats (often drenching)
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Body aches

Gastrointestinal anthrax

  • Fever and chills
  • Swelling of neck or neck glands
  • Sore throat
  • Painful swallowing
  • Hoarseness
  • Nausea and vomiting, especially bloody vomiting
  • Diarrhea or bloody diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Flushing (red face) and red eyes
  • Stomach pain
  • Fainting
  • Swelling of abdomen (stomach)

Injection anthrax

  • Fever and chills
  • A group of small blisters or bumps that may itch, appearing where the drug was injected
  • A painless skin sore with a black center that appears after the blisters or bumps
  • Swelling around the sore
  • Abscesses deep under the skin or in the muscle where the drug was injected
  • Keep in mind
    • Symptoms are similar to those of cutaneous anthrax, but injection anthrax can spread throughout the body faster and be harder to recognize and treat than cutaneous anthrax.
    • Skin and injection site infections associated with injection drug use are common and do not necessarily mean the person has anthrax.

Hide Out

Where in the body it hides

It likes to hide in the lymph nodes where it then spreads thought out the rest of the body

Where in the world it can be found most commonly

  • Central and South America
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Central and southwestern Asia
  • Southern and eastern Europe
  • The Caribbean

Weapons

Mortality Rates

It has a mortality rate different for each infection

  • 20 % for Cutaneous Anthrax without treatment
  • 25-75 % for gastrointestinal anthrax
  • 80 % for inhalation anthrax
  • 30 % for injection anthrax

Ways to defend yourself from contracting it

Be careful when working with infected animals or animal products, for example under cooked meat or hides from infected animals. Travel with care when going to more infected countries

Prevention

Top prevention methods are to vaccinate cattle or animals with past infections

Treatments

Antibiotics are the best method from stopping the spread of anthrax of you catch it