May 10, 1773

What is the Tea Act?

The objective is to reduce the amount of illegal tea being sold. This was supposed to convince the colonists to buy Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid. It granted the British East India Company Tea a monopoly on tea sales in the American colonies. The Tea Act was kept in order to maintain Parliament's right to tax the colonies. Besides the tax on tea which had been in place since 1767, what fundamentally angered the colonists about the Tea Act was the British East India Company's government sanctioned monopoly on tea.


The Boston Tea Party

The colonists did not agree with the British imposing taxes on tea and caused great outrage. A group of Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians, and waited at the Boston Harbor where they board three ships to destroy over 92,000 pounds of tea. Because of their acts towards the British, the Parliament closed ports and led to the creation of the Intolerable Acts.