Canadian Identity



The War In 1812- The American Revolution had ended in 1783. The new United States started expanding westward, which created conflict with First Nations and threatened British control of Rupert's Land. In 1812, the Americans declared war on Britain. Residents of the Canadian colonies would be willing to join the United States.

The Royal Proclamation Of 1763- The Royal Proclamation was issued by British King George III in 1763. Britain was establishing control over territory it had taken from France. The Proclamation was a necessary first step in outlining the new relationship between the British Crown, French Canada, and the First Nations who lived in those territories.
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Confederation- In 1867, the British North Act (now know as the Constitution Act) established the Dominion of Canada. The provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick joined together in Confederation. Other provinces began to join, and by 1905 Canada consisted of nine provinces and two territories.
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Impact On Indigenous Peoples- After Confederation the government negotiated Treaties with First Nations in the west. These Treaties were meant in part to provide land for railway and for the settlement of European newcomers. The government also negotiated with the Metis peoples and created the province of Manitoba
John A Mcdonald

John A Mcdonald was the first prime minister of Canada

The Creation Of Medicare- One defining aspects of Canada is Medicare. The government of Saskatchewan, led by Tommy Douglas, enacted a universal health-care plan in 1962. The plan operated without any federal government support until 1968. The federal government then introduced the medical Care Act in 1966.
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Canada becomes involved-In 1914, Canada was still a member of the British Empire. When war broke out, the Canadian government could decide whether to send soldiers or only food and clothing. It could also decide to do nothing. This was not likely, since Canadian loyalty to Britain was strong. In Quebec, however, many people opposed Canada taking Canada taking part in a British war. Volunteers flocked to join the Canadian army. An average of 10,000 men volunteered each month.

How did the war effect Canada?

Canada become an indrustrail nation through its efforts during the Second World War. For example, more that 16,000 planes and 400 ships were bulit in Canada for the war. There was a 40 percent increase i agricultral production, and supplies were shipped to England, China, India and other countries. The value of all goods produced in Canada during the war would be about 100$ billion today.
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Canada's Participation In War Change The Role Of Women- During the First and Second World Wars, Canadians had to change their daily habits to meet new challenges. There were shortages of things such as food and manufactured goods, because much of those goods wee being shipped overseas. As more men joined the war effort, there was also a shortage of workers in factories and farms. Women were then hired for jobs that once were given only to men. When the wars ended, many women were fired from these jobs in order to give work to the returning Canadian soldiers. However, society had begun to change. Canadian women saw themselves as capable of doing the same jobs as men.


What Is The Treaty Relationship in Canada?- Canadians are closely connected to the land. The geography of our country shapes and people ways of living. This land, known officially as Canada since 1867, has been home to Indigenous Peoples for thousands of years.

What were the different perspectives of those who signed Treaties?

First Nations' oral traditions teach that they have lived in what is now North America since the beginning of time. The First Nations developed diverse cultures, education systems, languages, and ways of living while thriving as nations. What is now Canada was not simply a wide open space before the arrival the Europeans. It was a place that had diverse societies, traditions, languages, cultures, spirituality, and sovereign nations.
The Creation Of Canada And The Treaties- The new nation of Canada was created under the terms of the British North America Act in 1867. The newcomers established themselves as a new nation among the First Nations already here. Since then, the recognition of inherent Indigenous rights have been the result.
Different Worldviews Affect The Treaty Process- When European newcomers and first nations met to negotiate the Treaties, they came with very different approaches and worldviews. Newcomers saw the land as something that could be owned and used for the benefit of individuals. First Nations viewed the land and resources as gifts from the Creator to be shared and used by all people.
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First Nations Expection For The Treaties

  • Support for future generations
  • Education and medical care
  • Farming machinery and annual payments
  • Land, hunting and fishing rights
  • continue ways of life
  • maintain peace
  • share the land

Crown Expectioans

  • Make First Nations self-sufficientsd
  • Open up the land to settlement
  • Secure access to land and resources
  • Maintain peace


Every country has its own set of symbols that express its identity. Symbols tell the story of a nation. They represent its people, environment, and traditions. They also recall important historical events that helped shape the nation.

How is Canadian identity expressed through arts and storytelling?

Canadian identity is constantly changing and developing. It is influenced by events in the past and present , and it will also be influenced by what happens in the future.


indigenous Peoples created art for thousands of years prior to the arrival of European newcomers.Art was an important aspect of life, involving useful objects as well as items used in ceremonies and storytelling.


Music in Canada shows the country's diverse roots and history. Canadian music covers everything from traditional fiddle music to rap.


Canadian writers explore what it is like to live in Canada through their novels, short stories, and poetry. They also explore Canadian identity by telling stories of Canadians and newcomers to Canada.