The civil rights movement

by Lorena Estrada

"Equal rights for all, special privileges for none"

Slavery has been going on for hundreds of years, and after slavery was over, there still was segregation and racism more than ever. What this country and African Americans had to go though was very sad and unjust. Early in the 1900's, people decided to stand up for what is right throughout these hard times. Heroes and leaders, included: MLK, Rosa Parks but they're were a lot of unnamed heroes, like Medgar Edgars. The one's who sat in, Marched, and put their lives on the line all over the country. This eventually led up to the end of racial segregation and discrimination. They all set hope for the next generations and the future.

Walking for pride

The Montgomery bus boycott was a brilliant non-violent resistance plan against segregation that MLK came up with. He knew that African-Americans were the majority of the buses services and without them, they wouldn't get any services or jobs. The bus boycott was African Americans that refused to ride city buses, to protest against segregated seating. This started 4 days after a woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man. These acts were one of the first strategies and beginning of the civil rights movement. MLK and Rosa Parks were not the only heroes, African Americans that were involved in the bus boycott were heroes too, they sacrificed their lives and energy to walk miles instead of taking the bus to end segregation.

We're rolling along, America.

a group of 13 African Americans and white civil rights activists started the "Freedom Riders" which was a series of bus trips through the south to protest against segregation in interstate bus terminals. CORE, was a civil rights group who founded the freedom riders. Africans American freedom riders attempted o use "white only" restrooms, but encountered violence from white protestors along their route, which drew international attention. After all the chaos, it was well worth it because authority prohibited segregation in buses and trains.

Take it to stay

The tactic of a non-violent approach which was sit-ins, helped energize the civil rights movement. They caused real change to occur, and had an huge impact in changing the norms in society. CORE, a organization that worked with other civil rights groups to fight against desegregation. It started with four college students who sparked a wave of sit-ins in the south to desegregate restaurants.

Medgar Evers

One of many unsung heroes, Medgar Evers was an African- American civil rights activist. He worked for NAACP in Mississippi to help desegregate schools, and spent much of his time investigating racial killings. Evers had a lot of courage and determination to help desegregate schools to help African Americans be able to go to schools they want, knowing the consequences he might have and becoming a target. But he was willing to risk his life for others, which shows how many heroes were in the civil rights movement.

George Lee

George Lee was born in Edwards, Mississippi who became a minister and supported civil rights, started a chapter for national association for colored people (NAACP), who urged blacks to register to vote. It was very difficult not being able to vote, when you have the right to vote. Soon a mass rally came to a voter registration and Lee soon helped gain African Americans the privilege to vote. He was one of the first black people to vote, and knowing the cost of fighting/ being a leader, he received many death threats. Soon after Lee was shot and killed and officer claimed he was in a "traffic accident" and refused to investigate.

NAACP

Founded in 1909, The National Association for the Advancement of colored people played a huge role in the civil rights movement. They attacked segregation and racial equality through the courts. They won a supreme court decision in 1915 against the grandfather clause, to help blacks to vote. They contributed a lot to spark to civil rights movement and if it wasn't for the brave African Americans who risked their lives to do whats right.

SCLC

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an African-American civil rights organization. It was founded in 1957, SCLC was primarily from church and the leader who was a minister was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., who had a large role in the Civil Rights Movement. There main goal was to advance the cause of civil rights in America in a non-violent manner. They contributed into everything they could to help with civil rights from helping to desegregate public facilities to getting African Americans the right to vote. They also built a leader who changed America to this day.