Olivia Schmidt, Hour 5

Define Asthma

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.

  • Asthma signs and symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath

  • Chest tightness or pain

  • Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing

  • A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling (wheezing is a common sign of asthma in children)

  • Coughing or wheezing attacks that are worsened by a respiratory virus, such as a cold or the flu.

Immediate and long term risk factors

Immediate risk factors for asthma would be living in a city with pollution, seasonal asthma, allergens to asthma, and having genetic connections with it.

Long term risk factors for asthma could be obesity if you don't lose weight its going to effect you for the rest of your life. Another would be allergy skin tests for asthma and age. Allergic rhinitis and positive allergy skin tests are significant risk factors for developing new asthma. Research has shown that the frequency of asthma and allergic rhinitis continue to increase as the person becomes older.

Interpersonal Communication

Someone with asthma could communicate with either their doctors about their condition or others they know with this condition. They could ask questions or ask about concerns they have with their doctor, and share their struggles with a friend or someone they know with asthma.

Media Influences

Asthma is a complex genetic disorder in which most of the inheritance is not known. Studies have shown evidence for genetic influences in asthma, but have also shown evidence from environmental influences. Studies have also shown that influences such as gender influences asthma and that hormonal or biochemical differences related to sex may play a role in asthma.


An advance in asthma is Inhaled Corticosteroids, which can be provided with inhalers and the use of long-acting β2-agonists. Results from clinical studies show positive effects when the two agents are used together. More advances such as Long-term asthma control medications, generally taken daily, are the cornerstone of asthma treatment. These medications keep asthma under control on a day-to-day basis and make it less likely you'll have an asthma attack. Types of long-term control medications include: Inhaled corticosteroids, Leukotriene modifiers, Long-acting beta agonists, Combination inhalers, and Theophylline.
Asthma Video Provided by