Debate: Environmentalist

Danielle Dugas and Tina Truong

Opening Statement:

  • The environment is more unstable than it seems.
  • Environmentalism is a philosophy regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the world.
  • There are many scenarios where people have said that environmentalists overstate their case, but there are growing statistics to contradict this statement.
  • In order to identify one who supports this topic, it is important to notice his or her concerns on protecting the environment at the best of his or her ability.
  • The three main topics that environmentalists fight against are global warming, ozone depletion, and extinction.
  • These may just sound like overheard words, but these certain points affect the lives of humans, animals, and plants.
  • These points are not myths, they are true, scientific reasons why our environment is declining.
  • If we do not find a way to expand Earth's life expectancy soon, the environment's health benefits will only continue to disappear.
  • From finding ways to grow more trees to using geothermal heat pumps in buildings, environmentalists always find innovated ways to improve the environment.
Things environmentalist believe in:
  • Grow more trees and use more wood
  • Choose hydroelectric power where it is available
  • Choose nuclear energy over coal for electricity production
  • Use geothermal heat pumps in most buildings
  • Develop cost-effective technologies that require less fossil fuels
  • Use genetic science to improve food and medicine
  • Do not ban useful chemicals unless there is evidence of harm
  • Embrace aquaculture as a sustainable industry
  • View climate change as natural and not catastrophic
  • Recognize that poverty is the worse environmental problem
  • Do not kill or capture whales or dolphins anywhere, ever.

What is Anti - Environmentalism?

  • A movement opposed to the environmental movement. Anti-environmentalism disregards the current "environmental crisis due to specific scientific and economic reasoning. Some anti-environmentalists argue that the Earth is not as fragile as some environmentalists maintain, although this argument is not exclusive to the anti-environmental movement.

Global Warming:

  • Global warming has emerged as one of the most biggest environmental issue in the two decades.
  • Global Warming Definition: a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants
  • The burning of coal, oil, and gas are said to be the few reasons why humans are the causes of global warming.
  • Cutting down forests for resources is the main human action that is causing the Earth to get hotter. By reducing the carbon dioxide trees provide, the gas stays in the atmosphere, trapping more heat.
  • These small changes in the average temperature can lead to the frequent occurrences of dangerous weather patterns and devastating storms.
  • The 10 warmest years in the 134-year record all have occurred since 2000, with the exception of 1998. The year 2015 ranks as the warmest on record.
    • According to IPCC 2007 report, sea levels will rise by 7-23 inches by the end of this century due to global warming.
    • The last two decades of the 20th century have been hottest in the last 400 years, according to climate studies
    • The Montana Glacier National Park has only 25 glaciers instead of 150 that were there in the year 1910
    • Due to global warming and pollution, coral reefs are suffering the worst bleaching with the highest dying record since 1980.
    • Humans are emitting more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, faster than the absorbing rates of plants and the oceans.
    • Sea levels have risen about 7 inches in the in the last 100 years, which is more than the previous 2000 years combined ***
    • More than 1 million species have become extinct due to disappearing habitats, ecosystems, acidic oceans all caused due to global warming ***
    • 2000-2009 has been the hottest decade periods of the earth
    • The rate at which carbon dioxide is being dumped in to the environment is 1000 tons per second ***
    • The carbon dioxide levels in the 20th century have been highest in 650,000 years. Till 1950, the levels rose by 11% and recently the levels have risen by 40%
    • Human activities release around 37 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide per year ***
    • Between 2000-2100, the heat related deaths will rise by 150,000
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Ozone Depletion

  • The ozone layer is a belt of naturally occurring ozone gas that sits 9.3 to 18.6 miles (15 to 30 kilometers) above Earth and serves as a shield from the harmful ultraviolet B radiation emitted by the sun.
  • WE CAN NOT REPAIR THE OZONE LAYER. The ozone layer can repair itself, but it will not be able to keep up with it's repairs if we keep on polluting in the mass we are.
  • There is widespread concern that the ozone layer is deteriorating due to the release of pollution containing the chemicals chlorine and bromine. Such deterioration allows large amounts of ultraviolet B rays to reach Earth, which can cause skin cancer and cataracts in humans and harm animals as well.
  • Extra ultraviolet B radiation reaching Earth also inhibits the reproductive cycle of phytoplankton, single-celled organisms such as algae that make up the bottom rung of the food chain. Biologists fear that reductions in phytoplankton populations will in turn lower the populations of other animals.
  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), chemicals found mainly in spray aerosols heavily used by industrialized nations for much of the past 50 years, are the primary culprits in ozone layer breakdown.
  • Man-made compounds are exposed to the atmosphere due to cleaning agents, coolants in refrigerators, packing material, air conditioning, and aerosol spray cans.
  • Humans cannot undo the damage done to the ozone layer, but they can help prevent more damage that could result in a weaker ozone.
  • In the Chart Below: the carbon dioxide levels are at their highest in 2015 vs in the past 650,000 years, this is due to pollution. (Chart from NASA)
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Extinction

  • Premise: Over-hunting, clearing away natural land for farming, and pollution from factories and power plants are the specific human actions that cause animal extinction.

  • Logic: From 1800 to 2010, about 54,000 species extinctions have been recorded.
  • Conclusion: Since the human population is expanding, the amount of resources needed have been increased, which all leads back to the damaging of the ecosystem containing its animals.
  • Biodiversity refers to the variety of plants, animals, and other living things in our world. It can be negatively influenced by habitat loss and degradation due to human activity, climate change, and pollution, among other things.
  • Many of our basic necessities that we need to survive are provided because of biodiversity. We need food from various species and plants to eat, water to drink, air to breathe, and materials to provide shelter and other necessities.
  • There are many natural processes that have been formed by various species to provide these necessities. If something happens to one of them, an unwanted chain reaction occurs, negatively affecting our basic necessities.
  • Loss of biodiversity could also cause other problems.
  • The greater the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for various discoveries that could make our world a much better place.
  • The World Wildlife Fund estimates that 10,00 species or sub species go extinct every your.
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Closing Statement:

  • Everything on the earth needs an environment with resources that they can to survive. We live on air and need clean water to drink.
  • All the pollution destroys our air and water and even the land we use to grow food.
  • The more you don’t care about our environment, the more it will become polluted with contaminants and toxins that have a harmful impact on our health.
  • Air pollution can cause respiratory diseases and cancer, among other problems, due to the inhalation of all the harmful chemicals.
  • Water pollution can lead waterborne/water-related diseases, due to the intake of bacteria and parasites.
  • If no one stands up to protect the environment, we risk losing all the basic necessities we need to survive.
  • Environmental activism is important because our earth can’t ask for it's own protection and take care of all this pollution.
  • We cannot survive without a healthy environment.
  • Environmentalist do not overstate their case due to the fact that people like to ignore the that they're ruining the earth.
  • Many people say that the earth has millions years left, and the sun wont die out for a couple of millions too. That's true but that was said when the temperatures weren't rising and everything was normal. Right now due to all this pollution those millions of years can turn into "in a few years" real quick.
  • And too be honest, yes, one day life on earth will cease to exist, and we probably won't be around when that happens, but your future generation will be. So get it together, if the earth dies, we obviously will die with it.