Ch. 8 Dietary Guidelines
What do the Dietary Guidelines do for Americans?
A health risk is meant to be a warning that if you keep doing the same thing you will develop a health problem. A diet is an eating plan.
Getting enough nutrients within your calorie needs.
The 4 factors that determine calorie needs are age, gender, activity level, and weight. Nutrient dense foods is a food that provides high amounts of vitamins and minerals.
How to maintain a healthy weight.
A risk factor is a condition that increases your chances of developing a problem. Health problems that are related to too much body fat are diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, etc. Being underweight also has health problems like not enough energy, and can lead to other health problems.
Suggestions for being physically active every day.
Active living helps you control your weight, and strengthen your heart and lungs. A teen should get 60 minutes or more a day of physical activity. You can include physical activity into your daily schedule by joining a team or individual sport, or ride a bike rather than take the bus.
Importance of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and milk
Three reasons why these foods are healthy are they are nutrient rich, cholesterol free, and naturally low in fats and calories. 2 health benefits of these foods are the help protect against heart disease and cancer. 3 ways to include these into your diet are eat fruits and vegetables as snacks and in meals, eat fruit instead of sugary stuff, and drink yogurt smoothies.
How to limit fats and cholesterol.
The 2 unhealthy fats that raise cholesterol are saturated and trans fats. You can get heart disease from high fat diet. guidelines to achieve moderate total fat intake are get most fats from fish, nuts, and healthy oils and keep saturated fats to less than 10 percent of your calories.
Be choosy about carbohydrates.
Foods that have natural sugar are fruit and milk. Foods that have added sugars are candy and soft drinks. You should limit your sugar intake so you don't get diabetes.
Why reduce sodium and increase potassium?
Sodium helps control body fluids. Diseases or health issues linked with high sodium are stroke and heart disease. Potassium helps counteract sodium's effect.
3 reasons why teens should avoid drinking is it can cause accidents and injuries and can lead to dependency.
Why is food safety an important part of the Dietary Guidelines?
Because you need to keep food safe so it stays away from harmful bacteria.