(Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease:

a lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible.

Body Systems involved:

Respiratory and Circulatory System
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  1. shortness of breath
  2. wheezing
  3. chest tightness
  4. blueness of lips or fingernail beds
  5. frequent respiratory infections
  6. unintended weight loss
  7. etc...
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Risk Factors

  1. The most significant risk factor for COPD is long-term cigarette smoking.
  2. Occupational exposure to dusts and chemicals
  3. Age
  4. Genetics
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  1. Respiratory infections
  2. Heart problems
  3. Lung cancer
  4. High blood pressure
  5. Depression