Foundations of Government

John Locke

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Contributions to English Government

1689 - An Essay Concerning Human Understanding


  • Principle source of empiricism in modern philosophy
1689 - Two Treatises of Government



  • First- divine rights of kings defies common sense
  • Second- political power is a right of making laws with Penalties of Death
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Beliefs


  • Rejected papal infallibility
  • Drafted English Bill of Rights
  • King does not have a divine right to rule

Contributions to United States Government

Impacts


  • First philosopher of the Enlightenment
  • Formulated the expression of liberalism
  • Standard source in the philosophy of education
  • Influenced the foundation of modern Western philosophy
  • Believed in natural rights of life
  • Believed there is a social contract between the government and the people governed
  • Inspired the Constitution of the Unite States

Citations

The Constitution. Digital image. N.p., 20 Apr. 2015. Web. 29 Sept. 2016. <http://www.sjcsmo.org/single-post/2015/04/20/The-Importance-of-the-Declaration-of-Independence-the-Constitution-and-the-Bill-of-Rights>.


"John Locke." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 14 Dec. 2015.


John Locke. Digital image. John Locke. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Locke>.


Two Treatises of Government. Digital image. Two Treatises of Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_Treatises_of_Government>.