Revolutionary Chaos in China

By: Emily B, Sarah Z, and Esther W 7th Period

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Nationalists of China

Sun Yat-sen, the leader of the Nationalists, was happy to join forces with the Communists. The Nationalists were a very prestigious group of individuals. In 1923, both parties joined together to form an alliance therefore making them very powerful. Combining the two parties made China become more powerful. Chiang Kai-shek was the head of the Nationalist Party.
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Communists of China

The leader of the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) was strongly advised to join the experienced Nationalist Party. The two groups together mobilized and trained a revolutionary army for China. Mao Zedong was the leader of the organization of communists. He believed that the revolution would be driven by the poverty-stricken people of China.
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Chang Jiang

Chang Jiang is the Yangtze River is. The longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world. Many Battles were taken place here near the area. This riverheed agriculture and the economy 27 thousand years ago. It's river was a political boundary between north china and south china. Because of the difficulty of crossing the river.
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Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai-shek was a 20th-century Chinese political and military leader. He was an influential leader of the nationalists party. He led the northern expedition. To unify the country.
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Shanghai Massacre

In April 1927, lots of tension was arising between the nationalists and the communists. Chiang Kai-shek (general of the national party) struck against the communists and their supporters in Shanghai. This killed thousands of people and was otherwise known as the Shanghai Massacre. As a result of this, the communist-national alliance no longer existed.

Video on the Shanghai Massacre and Cases of the Chinese Civil War

Summary of the Causes of the Chinese Civil War | 1900-1927
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Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong was a 20th-century Chinese political and military leader was a Chinese communist revolutionary and political theorist. The founding father of the People's Republic of China from its establishment in 1949, he governed the country as Chairman of the Communist Party of China till he died. He converted China into a single party socialist state, with industry and business being nationalized under state ownership and socialist reforms implemented in all areas of society.
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Guerrilla Tactics

The Guerrilla tactics occurred when Chiang Kai-Shek of the nationalist party turned his forces against Mao Zedong’s communist party. Chiang’s forces outnumbered Mao’s by far, but Mao came up with the Guerrilla tactics. These consisted of using maneuvers that were unexpected such as sabotage and subterfuge.
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The Long March

In 1934, Chiang Kai-shek and his troops surrounded the Communist base in Jiangxi. While that was happening, Mao Zedong’s army, People’s Liberation Army(PLA) was breaking through the Nationalist lines thus starting the Long March. Mao’s army traveled 6,000 miles to reach the last surviving Communist base. Many froze to death and died, but in the end it was all worth it.

Video about the Long March

The Long March - China
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Redistribution of Wealth

Through all of the problems, Chiang Kai-Shek was successful in some areas. He eventually repaired and extended a large portion of the country’s railroad system, and improved the educational system. However, Chiang did not support programs such as the Redistribution of Wealth which shifts the wealth from a rich minority to a poor minority.

Essential Questions

  1. How did Chiang Kai-shek change the alliance of the Nationalists and the Communists?
  2. Which group did Mao Zedong think would start the Communist revolution in China?