GENETICALLY MODIFIED STRAWBERRIES
Biology Class 2015
History of Strawberries
- The Name Strawberry was derived from the berries that are "strewn" on the plants, and "strewn (scattered)" berry eventually became "Strawberry"
- They are not berries or fruit at all, but they are the end of the plant's stamen.
- Strawberry seeds are on the outer skin, instead of in the inner skin
- There are in total of 200 seeds per berry
- They are non-fat, are low in calories, rich in vitamin C, fiber, etc.....
- Strawberries have been used in medicines over the years.
- They have been used for sunburn, discolored teeth, digestion, and gout. (JANDUKE)
A Brief History of the Modern Strawberry
1. How is the organism genetically modified?
What is genetically modification?
- Genetically modification changes the genes and the characteristics of the subject
- For example, genetically modify strawberries so that they stay fresh for longer
How does it works?
- When a scientist genetically modifies a plant, they insert a foreign gene in the plant's own gene
- For example, this might be a gene from bacterium resistant to pesticide
- The outcome is that the plant receives the characteristics within the genetic code
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) - Myths and Truths
2. What is the purpose for the creation of the organism?
The purpose for the creation of strawberries are:
- they can grow short period of time if they are genetically modified
- can be more nutritious
- keeps away bugs and insects
- they can also grow in bigger sizes
3. What are the advantages of the organism to society and the environment?
Benefits of GM crops:
- Higher crop yields ( more strawberries for people)
- Reduced farm costs ( beneficial for farmers)
- Increased farm profit
- Improvement in health and the environment
4. What are the disadvantages of the organism to society and the environment?
- the taste of genetically modified strawberries does not taste as good as organic strawberries
- genetically modified crops may cause threat to the environment because it is not a natural way to plant crops.
- it can harm to other insects. For example genes and their effect included in a crop may turn out to be poisonous to insects (2014)