Substance Abuse

Depressants

What are Depressants?

Depressants are those substances that slow down the normal functioning of the central nervous system. (Depressants, 2014) Depressants can be referred to as "downers", they are usually multicolored tablets, capsules, or can be in liquid form (such as Alcohol). They are beneficial in reducing the symptoms of mental illness. They can also be used as sedatives and sleeping pills. (What are depressants, n.d.)
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Symptoms of Depressant Abuse

  • Cravings for a drug


  • Physical dependence (this includes physical withdrawal when trying to stop taking the depressant)


  • The need to continue taking the drug regardless of the problems you are experiencing.



(Substance Abuse, n.d.)

Symptoms of Withdrawal include:

Withdrawal symptoms can start as soon as 12 hours from the last dose of the depressant up to 72 hours after.


  • Anxiety
  • Tremors
  • Nightmares
  • Insomnia
  • Poor Appetite
  • Rapid Pulse
  • Rapid Breathing
  • Blood Pressure Abnormalities
  • Dangerous High Fevers
  • Seizures


(Substance Abuse, n.d.)

What Causes Depressant Abuse?

There is no known cause for depressant abuse. There are factors that can be related to substance abuse such as: genetic, psychological, and environmental factors. There are usually multiple factors that relate to a person who experiences substance abuse.


(Tracy, 2013)

Treatment Options

First, and foremost the most important step in treatment is detoxification. By reducing the dosage gradually this can help with the severity of withdrawal symptoms. If the problem is severe placement in a hospital may be required, for the safety of the individual.

Evaluation from a medical professional is recommended, since drug abuse is usually associated with other problems.


Some beneficial treatment options are:

  • Counseling
  • Behavioral Groups
  • Group programs


(Substance abuse, n.d.)



If you need help right now you can call 1-800-943-0566 or visit http://drugabuse.com/library/how-to-help-a-drug-addict/

Myths and how to Overcome them

  1. Once an addict, always an addict - FALSE - there is help out there, and you can overcome your addiction. It takes work, but you can succeed and overcome this! (Jaffe,2012)
  2. You have to hit rock "bottom" - FALSE - it is best to get help before you get to your rock bottom point, sometimes it is too late when a person hits rock bottom. (Jaffe,2012)
  3. Alcoholism cannot be cured - FALSE- with treatment, such as counseling (group or individual) alcoholism can be "cured". It is recommended for a person who is an alcoholic to sustain from alcohol consumption for best results. (Heibutzki, 2010)
  4. Drugs "fry" your brain - this statement gives the illusion that a substance abuser is "damaged" You are not a damaged person, no person is a damaged person. (Jaffe, 2012)

REFERENCES

Depressants. (2014). . Retrieved August 3, 2014, from http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/depressants/


Depressants. (n.d.). Depressant Drug Abuse and Side Effects. Retrieved August 4, 2014, from http://www.treatment4addiction.com/drugs/depressants/


Heibutzki, R. (2010, December 11). Myths & Misconceptions About Depressants. eHow. Retrieved August 4, 2014, from http://www.ehow.com/list_7630494_myths-misconceptions-depressants.html


Jaffe, A., (2012, September 13). 5 damaging myths about addiction. CNN. Retrieved August 4, 2014, from http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/13/health/jaffe-addiction-myths/


Substance Abuse (Depressants or Sedative-Hypnotic Drugs). (n.d.). . Retrieved August 4, 2014, from http://www.drugs.com/health-guide/substance-abuse-depressants-or-sedative-hypnotic-drugs.html


Tracy, N. (2013, July 16). Causes of Drug Addiction - What Causes Drug Addiction?. Healthy Place. Retrieved August 3, 2014, from http://www.healthyplace.com/addictions/drug-addiction/causes-of-drug-addiction-what-causes-drug-addiction/


What Are Depressants? Examples & Effects of Depressant Drugs - Drug-Free World. (n.d.). What Are Depressants? Examples & Effects of Depressant Drugs - Drug-Free World. Retrieved August 4, 2014, from http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/prescription/depressants.html