by: Emma Jones
Genius Hour: Volleyball
William G. Morgan
William Morgan was born on January 23, 1870 in Lockport, NY. He was recruited by James Naismith to play football at the YMCA Training School (now Springfield College). After he graduated he eventually became the physical education director at the Holyoke YMCA. While there he realized that basketball was much too strenuous for the older gentlemen so he set out to invent a game for them to play. The first "Mintonette" game was played in December of 1895 and was a little different from the volleyball we are used to today. First off there was no limit to the number of people on the court at one time and second each side could hit the ball as many times as they liked before it went over the net.
After some fine-tuning, the game of volleyball made it's official debut eight months later at what would eventually become Springfield College. The game was accepted as a success, however, it was determined that the name should be changed. It was renamed volley ball, since that was the object of the game, to volley the ball back and forth. The name would eventually become one word in 1952. Today the FIVB estimates that volleyball is the most popular team sport in the world.
Morgan left the YMCA in 1900 to pursue various careers in business. He died on December 27, 1942. In 1985 he became the inaugural member of the Volleyball Hall of Fame."
FAMOUS VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS
COOL FACTS ABOUT VOLLEYBALL
-Volleyball is 120 years old.
-Volleyball became an Olympic sport in 1964.
-The volleyball net was oringinally 6ft off the ground, but was later extended to 8ft in 1916. -The volleyball net is 7ft and 4 inches for women, and 8ft for men.
-In beach volleyball only 2 people can play on the court.
Spike: An over-arm move where the offensive player “smashes” the ball over the net.
Facial: A spike that hits the opponent straight in the face.
Block: Jumping at the net with arms out to stop the opposition from spiking the ball.
Dig: A “passing” move where a player puts together both arms in order to bounce a hard-driven ball into the air. An offensive spike usually follows this move.
Pepper: A practice drill where players hit a ball back and forth without a net.
Kong: Named after King Kong’s style of swatting planes, this is simply a one-handed block.
- United States Women's National Volleyball Team
- Penn State Women's Volleyball Team
- Unites States Men's National Volleyball Team
- Italy Men's National Volleyball Team
- Cuba Women's National Volleyball Team