Sarah Slover

Part A

GILDED: Covered thinly with gold leaf or gold paint

The Gilded Age time period is between the Civil War and World War I. There were two very different social classes in America at the time, extremely rich and dirt poor. Looking from the outside in, it seemed that the U.S. was full of wealthy people. With the majority of the residents poor, it was sugar coated that America was all wealth. This is where the name Gilded Age came from.

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Part B

Election of Grant: Ulysses S. Grant ran as the radical republican candidate in 1868. He had the opportunity to run for either party, but clicked better with the republicans. In the election Grant received 214 electoral votes to Seymour receiving 80. However he only won the popular vote by about 30,000. It was obvious that half a million black votes in the election came and helped Grant win in both.

Bloody Shirt Campaign: The cartoon was from Thomas Nast mocking the southern democrats. Republicans aimed at union civil war veterans to help remember Civil War memories in support of Grant against the disliked South and Seymour.

Results map: Grant was the first president to be elected with a minority of the white vote. The democratic party was split because of the monetary dispute of paper or gold to be used as money, thus giving more advantage to Grant. He was for reconstruction with federal power.

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Part C

From other countries America looked like a place of opportunity until immigrants realized they did not fit in real well. Many associations used the "good old boy" system to provide better treatment to those in the group. Some encouraged voters to influence candidates, elections, and local political parties.The leaders of these associations began to call themselves bosses. They also ran for office, and when elected were loyal to their association above everything else. This became known as machine politics when the government was manipulated by a shadow government of these associations. Tammany Hall was a famous example of machine politics. It was the headquarters of the Democratic party in New York City. The boss was Willy Macy Tweed, This political machine used rigged elections to cheat the city over $200 million. Some money went to supporting local businesses and construction on public buildings. Doing business in the city required giving kick backs to the bosses in order to stay in business. In 1871, the New York Times found proof of the misuse of public funds to convict Tweed and Hall. The political cartoonist Thomas Nast convey Tweeds does this through political cartoons. Tweed then bribed Nast to end the cartoons. Nast then refused Tweeds offer. Tweed then fled to Spain to escape arrest, although even in Spain he was recognized by Nast's cartoons. Tweed was tried and convicted in 1872, and died in jail.

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Part D

After the election of 1876, the outcome of the race became dependent on the outcomes from Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina. They were the only three states with Reconstruction Era Republicans governments. Allies of the Republican party candidate Rutherford Hayes met in secret with southern Democrats. This was to negotiate acceptance of Hayes being elected. The Democrats said they would not block Hayes victory only if the Republicans would withdraw all troops from the South. As a result, Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina were back to being Democratic and the Reconstruction Era was officially over.