SOL Review US History


Emancipation Proclamation

Made the destruction of slavery a Northern war aim- a political goal. Discouraged any

interference of foreign governments- as France and Britain were opposed to slavery- they would not assist the Confederacy (foreign policy)

Gettysburg Address

Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address said the United States was one nation, not a federation of independent states. That was what the Civil War was about for Lincoln: to preserve the Union as a nation of the people, by the people, and for the people.

Lincoln described the Civil War as a struggle to preserve a nation that was dedicated to the proposition that "all men are created equal" and that was ruled by a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people." Lincoln believed America was "one nation," not a collection of sovereign states. Southerners believed that states had freely joined the union and could freely leave.

Main Idea

By: Calli Walker

Frequently Asked Questions

How did the ideas expressed in the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address support the North’s war aims?

What was Lincoln’s vision of the American nation as professed in the Gettysburg Address?

Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln believed the Civil War was fought to fulfill the promise of the Declaration of

Independence and was a "Second American Revolution." He described a different vision

for the United States from the one that had prevailed from the beginning of the Republic to the Civil War.

Overall Content

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this

continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the

proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great

civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so

dedicated, can long endure. We are met here on a great battlefield of that

war. We have come to dedicate a portion of it as a final resting place for

those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether

fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense we can not dedicate - we can not consecrate - we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled, here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or

detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here,

but can never forget what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather to be

dedicated here to the unfinished work which they have, thus far, so nobly

carried on. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task

remaining before us - that from these honored dead we take increased

devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of

devotion - that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died

in vain; that this nation shall have a new birth of freedom; and that this

government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish

from the earth.