What roles did Trotsky, Lenin, and Kerensky play in the Bolshevik takeover?
Vladimir Ilich Lenin’s role in the Bolshevick takeover was that he was a revolutionary publicist, theoretician, and activist; founder of and leading figure in the Bolshevik Party. When in power Lenin had occasional episodes of violence and terror to secure the revolution as he did so rarely and only when he thought it was absolutely necessary.
During the Kornilov Affair, Kerensky had distributed arms to the Petrograd workers, and by November most of these armed workers had gone over to the Bolsheviks. On 6–7 November 1917 the Bolsheviks launched the second Russian revolution of the year. Kerensky's government in Petrograd had almost no support in the city. Only one small force, a 137 soldier strong subdivision of 2nd company of the First Petrograd Women's Battalion, also known as The Women's Death Battalion, was willing to fight for the government against the Bolsheviks, as the battalion commander ordered the majority of the troops back to their encampment, but this force was overwhelmed by the numerically superior pro-Bolshevik forces and defeated and captured. It took less than 20 hours before the Bolsheviks had taken over the government.
How were women involved in the Russian Revolutions?
Millions of Russian men fought in World War 1, causing some changes in the patriarchal gender role to the Russian society. The number of women workers rose to over one million, growing to 250,000. Many women joined in the workforce between 1914 -1917. Peasant women took on new roles as well. They took over some of their husbands jobs, such as farm work. Women fought in the war in small numbers on the front lines disguised as men, and thousands of other women served as nurses. The social conditions of women during World War 1 affected the role they played in the upbringing revolutions.
The Bolsheviks came to the power with the idea of liberation of women and the transformation of family. They equalized women’s legal status with men’s by remaking certain laws. The laws remade were Code on Marriage, the Family, and the Guardianship ratified in October 1918 which allows both spouses to keep their rights to own property and earnings. The Bolsheviks launched a program for women’s self-activity. This was also known as the women’s section of the communist party held between 1919 -1930. Under the power of Alexander Kollontai, the Zhenotdel spread the news of the revolution, enforcing its laws that set up political and literacy classes for working, and the peasant women and fought prostitution.
To what extent did the Stalinist regime respect the human rights of the various ethnic groups that lived within the Soviet Union?
The extent that the Stalinist regime respect the human rights of the various ethnic groups that lived within the Soviet Union were such as the Soviet troops reportedly raped from tens of thousands to two million women. Also about 50,000 during and after the occupation of Budapest. Many of these women died or committed suicide as a result of rape.
Another event of the poor respect of the human rights of the various ethnic groups that lived within the Soviet Union would be; hundreds of thousands of Polish people were taken and executed, known as the Katyn massacre. While Stalin told a Polish general they'd "lost track" of the officers in Manchuria, Polish railroad workers found the mass grave after the 1941 Nazi invasion. The massacre became a source of political disagreement with the Soviets eventually claiming that Germany committed the executions when the Soviet Union retook Poland in 1944. These were both extremely tragic events.
What steps did the Communists take to industrialize the Soviet Union?
The steps that the Communist took to industrialize the Soviet Union was that Stalin was willing to use strength to achieve political aims which was well established by the time he took power, however the Soviet Union was unprepared for the extreme violence and domination that Stalin unleashed in 1928. This was the first year of Stalin's Five Year Plan, a sweeping attempt to bring the Soviet Union into the industrial age.
In the name of Communism, Stalin seized possessions, including farms and factories, and reorganized the economy. However, these efforts often led to less efficient making of the plan, Stalin maintained export levels, shipping food out of the country even as rural residents died by the hundreds of thousands. Any protest of his policies resulted in immediate death or relocation to a prison camp in the remote regions of the nation.