Avyay Surampalli Social Studies Period: 6 May 5th, 2015
United Kingdom Political Map
United Kingdom Physical Map
Climate in the United Kingdom
The official languages in the United Kingdom is English, which is spoken by 98% of the population. However, in Scotland and Wales some people also speak Celtic languages such as Welsh and Gaelic. 23% of the population also speaks French, and 9% speak German.
Holidays and Traditions
The British celebrate many special holidays. One famous holiday is Christmas. In England there it has a slightly different aspect of Christmas Eve than other countries. Christmas Eve doesn't have that much of an emphasis on it rather than Boxing day and Christmas. Another holiday is the Queen's official birthday celebration in June. In July, many Protestants in Northern Ireland celebrate a battle where Protestants defeated Catholic forces.
In the United Kingdom, the most popular religion is Christianity, with about 60% of the population its followers. The different denominations of Christianity in the United kingdom are mostly Protestant, Catholic and Lutheran. 25.7% of the population is Atheist, and Islam is 4.4%, where as Hinduism is 1.3% of the population.
Holidays and Traditions
The British Museum was founded in 1753 and has collections of artifacts that date back to as long as two million years of human history! There are treasure from all over the world here and it houses world famous objects such as the Rosetta Stone, Parthenon sculptures, and Egyptian mummies. About 6 million visitors come here each year. Best of all, the tickets are free, so be sure to visit the museum for a taste of human history.
A visit to the United Kingdom can not be complete without a trip to Tate Modern! Tate Modem is the national museum of modern day and contemporary art from all over the world. The works on display here include masterpieces from Cézanne, Bonnard, Matisse, Picasso, Rothko, Dalí, Pollock, Warhol and Bourgeois. Entrance at the gallery is free as well as events and special exhibitions.
Tower of London
The Tower of London is a great place to travel back in time to the wars in Britain. The Tower of London has a grim reputation for being a place of torture and death. Also, within these walls are the history of a royal palace, an armory, and a very powerful fortress. Be able to view Crown Jewels that are priceless, and go on a tour to hear bloody tales of war.
Tower of London
0.66 Pound Sterling = 1 U.S Dollar
Government: Constitutional Monarchy- Government with a monarch(king and queen), but Parliamentary system makes the laws of the country. Monarch is head of state and has large ceremonial duties. Parliament chooses Prime Minister to lead national government.
Leaders: King: King George VI Queen: Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister: David Cameron
Economy and Exports: GDP= $3.73 Trillion The economy of United Kingdom was very shaky and unstable in the past. The only industries it mainly was in was mining and manufacturing and that was declining after World War II. However, today the United Kingdom has one of the strongest and greatest economies in the world. North Sea reserves oil and natural gas. Other cities are attracting new industries as well. One are of Scotland is called Silicon Valley because it manufactures many technology products. It exports about $503 billion.
Fish and Chips
For the twice-cooked chips: Peel the potatoes and cut them into approximately 5/8-inch-thick chips. Store them in water.
Fill a large pot halfway with the oil or fill a deep-fat fryer with oil. Heat to 275 degrees F. Thoroughly drain the chips and add them to the oil, working in batches to avoid overcrowding the pan. Fry the chips until they are soft enough to squeeze but not yet browned, about 10 minutes. Once all the chips have been blanched, spread them on a sheet tray and store them in the fridge overnight.
When ready to serve, heat the oil to 375 degrees F and fry the blanched chips, in batches if necessary, until golden brown and crispy on the outside and still fluffy on the inside, about 5 minutes.
For the seasoned flour: Mix the flour, salt and black pepper in a large bowl and set aside.
For the beer batter: Thoroughly mix the flour, paprika and salt in a large bowl. Whilst constantly whisking, add enough beer to stiffen up the mix. Whilst still continuing to whisk, add cold water until the batter resembles heavy cream consistency and contains no lumps.
For the fish: Fill a large pot halfway with oil or fill a deep-fat fryer with oil. Heat the oil to 375 degrees F. Fillet the fish into six 8-ounce portions, removing any bones, skin or blood lines that are present. Dip the fish into the seasoned flour, tapping off any excess. Dip the fish into the beer batter, briefly allow the batter to drain off, and then gently place the fish into the oil, allowing the fish to float away from you. Cook, in batches if necessary, until golden brown and trying to float, 5 to 7 minutes.
Remove the fish from the oil with a spatula and allow to drain on a cooling rack before serving on a bed of chips with lashings of kosher salt and malt vinegar.
Transportation and Lodging
"England and Scotland." Weather Online. WeatherOnline Ltd., 1995. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/reports/climate/England-and-Scotland.htm>.
Grey, G.G. P. "Lesson The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained." knowmia. TechSmith, 2012. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://www.knowmia.com/watch/lesson/2101>.
Sager, Robert J., David M. Helgren, and Alison S. Brooks. Holt People, Places, and Change: An Introduction to World Studies. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2003. Print.
"United Kingdom." Fact Monster. Pearson Education, 2014. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://www.factmonster.com/country/united-kingdom.html>.