United Kingdom

Avyay Surampalli Social Studies Period: 6 May 5th, 2015

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United Kingdom Political Map

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United Kingdom Physical Map

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Climate in the United Kingdom

The climate of the countries in the United Kingdom can be described as a temperate climate because the Gulf Stream ensure mild influenced weather. England in particular is famous for its rain which results in lush, green fields of grass. Most rain is fallen in the North of England, where the average rainfall in the north of England is over 1600 mm. However, Central and Southern England have on average less than 800 mm annually. The coldest moths in the United Kingdom are December to February, where the temperature is 3 and 6°C (37.4 - 43 Degrees Fahrenheit), But still the temperate climate still allows tourists to visit the United Kingdom. More tourist appropriate months would anywhere from July to September, where the temperature is ranging from 16 and 21°C(61 - 70 Degrees Fahrenheit).

Current Information

Currency: Pound Sterling

0.66 Pound Sterling = 1 U.S Dollar

Government: Constitutional Monarchy- Government with a monarch(king and queen), but Parliamentary system makes the laws of the country. Monarch is head of state and has large ceremonial duties. Parliament chooses Prime Minister to lead national government.

Leaders: King: King George VI Queen: Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister: David Cameron

Economy and Exports: GDP= $3.73 Trillion The economy of United Kingdom was very shaky and unstable in the past. The only industries it mainly was in was mining and manufacturing and that was declining after World War II. However, today the United Kingdom has one of the strongest and greatest economies in the world. North Sea reserves oil and natural gas. Other cities are attracting new industries as well. One are of Scotland is called Silicon Valley because it manufactures many technology products. It exports about $503 billion.

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Fish and Chips


For the twice-cooked chips: Peel the potatoes and cut them into approximately 5/8-inch-thick chips. Store them in water.

Fill a large pot halfway with the oil or fill a deep-fat fryer with oil. Heat to 275 degrees F. Thoroughly drain the chips and add them to the oil, working in batches to avoid overcrowding the pan. Fry the chips until they are soft enough to squeeze but not yet browned, about 10 minutes. Once all the chips have been blanched, spread them on a sheet tray and store them in the fridge overnight.

When ready to serve, heat the oil to 375 degrees F and fry the blanched chips, in batches if necessary, until golden brown and crispy on the outside and still fluffy on the inside, about 5 minutes.

For the seasoned flour: Mix the flour, salt and black pepper in a large bowl and set aside.

For the beer batter: Thoroughly mix the flour, paprika and salt in a large bowl. Whilst constantly whisking, add enough beer to stiffen up the mix. Whilst still continuing to whisk, add cold water until the batter resembles heavy cream consistency and contains no lumps.

For the fish: Fill a large pot halfway with oil or fill a deep-fat fryer with oil. Heat the oil to 375 degrees F. Fillet the fish into six 8-ounce portions, removing any bones, skin or blood lines that are present. Dip the fish into the seasoned flour, tapping off any excess. Dip the fish into the beer batter, briefly allow the batter to drain off, and then gently place the fish into the oil, allowing the fish to float away from you. Cook, in batches if necessary, until golden brown and trying to float, 5 to 7 minutes.

Remove the fish from the oil with a spatula and allow to drain on a cooling rack before serving on a bed of chips with lashings of kosher salt and malt vinegar.

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Transportation and Lodging

To go to London from Chicago on British Airways, it costs about $1094 per person with 5 nights at a hotel round-trip. I recommend visiting London, for the rain and luscious fields of grass as well as the tourist attractions. London has amazing tourist attractions where one could look at thousands of years of human history and appreciate the work of great artists in the past. You could also take a tip through time and visit the fortresses where you could view the war history of England. However, if you are looking for more of a scenic twist to your vacation, then Edinburgh is the place to go! Edinburgh is a great place to visit for the great panoramic and scenic view of nature. Visit waterfalls and look of cliffs. But whats a great vacation, without a great hotel to say at throughout your trip. Some hotels to stay at for your visit are the five star hotels in London. The Mondrian London (4.6 out 5 stars) for example, where the cost per night is $207. Another great option is Great Northern Hotel (4.5 out of 5 stars) for $248 per night.
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Mondrian London


"England and Scotland." Weather Online. WeatherOnline Ltd., 1995. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/reports/climate/England-and-Scotland.htm>.

Grey, G.G. P. "Lesson The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained." knowmia. TechSmith, 2012. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://www.knowmia.com/watch/lesson/2101>.

Sager, Robert J., David M. Helgren, and Alison S. Brooks. Holt People, Places, and Change: An Introduction to World Studies. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2003. Print.

"United Kingdom." Fact Monster. Pearson Education, 2014. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://www.factmonster.com/country/united-kingdom.html>.