The Reproductive System

Maxwell Modeste, Femi Sakri

The Male Reproductive System

The function of the male reproductive system is to produce and deliver sperm. The sperm are made in the testes through the process of meiosis. In most males sperm are haploid and have about 23 chromosomes. They testes, scrotum, vas deferens, urethra and both sperm and urine travel through urethra. The organ helps it reproduce and get rid of waste.


The reproductive system does not help in maintaining homeostasis but is does insure the survival of the human species. For men, one such regulated factor is testis temperature. Generally the optimal temperature for production and storage sperm is 1-2 degrees C lower than body temperature. Disease at the testicle of the male reproductive system to where it does not produce sperm. This tissue grows during the menstrual cycle and is sloughed with the monthly menstrual period if pregnancy does not occur.

The Female Reproductive system

The function of the female system to enable sperm to enter the body and to protect the internal genital organs from infectious organisms. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female's reproductive system. The female needs a male to fertilize her egg, even though it is she who carries offspring through pregnancy and childbirth.
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The reproductive system interacts with the endocrine system, because the endocrine system provides the system with growth and development hormones to nurture an embryo. Another system it interacts with is the nervous system, which transports hormones through the body to the reproductive organs. Also the reproductive system interacts with the muscular system during mentral cycle, so the muscular system can push out any waste material out of the body, and the muscular system is also used to give birth and help push the baby out of the birth canal.

Main Organs

In the male, the reproductive organs are the gonads (testes), epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, bulbourethral gland (Cowper's gland), urethra, and penis. The main female reproductive organs are the gonads (ovaries), fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, paraurethral glands (Skene glands), vestibular glands, labia minora, labia majora, and the clitoris.

levals of organization

The male repruductive system include the scrodum, uretha, testes, epididymis, prostate.

The female system included the fallopian tubes, to ovary, then the ovary, uterus, cervix, and the vulva.