The Executive Branch

Steph and Charles

Executive Branch Jobs

  1. Vice President of the United States- Ranked under presidents and serves as president in his/her absence
  2. Members of the President's Cabinet- 15 people ranked under the president serving in the cabinet
  3. 15 Executive Departments- Includes 15 positions including the vice president, secretary of state, defense, labor, etc.
  4. National Security Council- Head of national security and foreign policy matters
  5. Office of Management and Budget- Largest office within the executive office of the president, main function is to produce president's budget
  6. White House Staff- 150 or so employees serving in white house and under president
  7. Press Secretary- Provides/gives advice to president and any officials regarding how to deal with news/media and acts as a spokesman
  8. Agencies within the Cabinet Departments- Secretary of state, treasury, defense, attorney general, secretary of the interior, agriculture, commerce, labor, health and human services,housing and urban development,transportation, and energy
  9. Independent Agencies- Agencies outside of federal executive department, head of cabinet secretary
  10. Regulatory Commissions- Enforce standards and safety, oversee public goods and regulate commerce. Few examples are Interstate Commerce commission and U.S. Food and Drug Administration in the United States, Ofcom in the United Kingdom, and the TRAI in India

Line of Presidential Succession

-Vice President

-Speaker of the House

-President Pro Tempore of the Senate

-Secretary of State

-Secretary of the Treasury

-Secretary of Defense

-Attorney General

-Secretary of the Interior

-Secretary of Agriculture

-Secretary of Commerce

-Secretary of Labor

-Secretary of Health and Human Services

Who are important people under the president?

Chief of staff- solve problems, mediate disputes, and deal with issues and act as a 'presentation board' for ideas


Press Secretary- Provides/gives advice to president and any officials regarding how to deal with news/media and acts as a spokesman


White House Staff- 150 or so employees serving in white house and under the president for his needs and desires


Federal Bureaucracy- Consists of around 500 departments, agencies, administrations, authorities, and commissions that carry out responsibilities assigned to them through legislation

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Executive Branch

Responsibilities of the Vice President

-President of the Senate.

-Primary duties are to cast a vote if a deadlock occurs in the senate and to certify the official vote count of the Electoral College.

-During recent years the Vice President has been more involved in the policy making process

Who's in The Cabinet?

The Cabinet is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, who are generally the heads of the federal executive departments


What Does The Cabinet Do?

They advise the President, they are closest and most trusted advisors. The Cabinet includes the Vice President, the heads of 15 executive branch departments, and other Government officials chosen by the President.

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What is the purpose of the National Security Council and who is in it?

  • Since its creation under President Truman, the Council's function has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the President's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies. The NSC is chaired by the President.







Structure of the United States National Security Council



Chair

President of the United States



Statutory Attendees

Vice President of the United States

Secretary of State

Secretary of Defense



Military Advisor

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff



Intelligence Advisor

Director of National Intelligence



Drug Policy Advisor

Director of National Drug Control Policy



Regular Attendees

National Security Advisor

White House Chief of Staff

Deputy National Security Advisor

Attorney General



Additional Participants

Secretary of the Treasury

Secretary of Homeland Security

White House Counsel

Assistant to the President for Economic Policy

Ambassador to the United Nations

Director of Office of Management and Budget

Homeland Security Advisor

What does the Office of Management and Budget Do?

It is the job of the Office of Management and Budget to assist the president in preparing the annual federal budget and to oversee its administration via the executive branch agencies.
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What are the duties of the Chief of Staff, Press Secretary, and White House Staff members?

Chief of Staff- Solve problems, mediate disputes, and deal with issues before they are brought to the chief executive, acting as a sounding board for ideas

Press Secretary- Provides/gives advice to president and any officials regarding how to deal with news/media and acts as a spokesman

White House Staff- 150 or so employees serving in white house and under president


What is the Federal Bureaucracy?

Consists of roughly 500 departments, agencies, administrations, authorities, and commissions that carry out responsibilities assigned to them through Congressional legislation.

Agencies within the Cabinet Departments

Secretaries of Agriculture: Regulate agricultural practices

Secretary of Commerce: provide American businesses and entrepreneurs with the tools they need to grow and hire.

Secretary of Defense: The Secretary of Defense's power over the United States military is second only to that of the President.

Secretary of Education: Regulates education

Secretary of Health and Human Services: they enhance and protect the health and well-being of all Americans. They do this by providing for effective health and human services and fostering advances in medicine, public health, and social services.

Homeland Security: Created after 9-11 and it’s main purpose is to protect US soils

Secretary of Labor: enforces and suggests laws involving unions, the workplace, and all other issues involving any form of business-person controversies.

Secretary of State: is the President's chief foreign affairs adviser.

Independent Agencies

  • Central Intelligence Agency: The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior US policymakers.

  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission: The CFTC assures the economic utility of the futures markets. They protect market participants against fraud, manipulation, and abusive trading practices

  • Consumer Product Safety Commission: The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission protects the public from unreasonable risks of serious injury or death from thousands of types of consumer products under the agency's jurisdiction.

  • Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board: The Board's mandate under the atomic Energy act is to provide safety oversight of the nuclear weapons complex operated by the Department of Energy.

  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA leads the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts. Their main purpose is to protect human health and the environment

  • Export-Import Bank of the United States: The Export-Import Bank of the United States is the official export credit agency of the United States. Ex-Im Bank's purpose is to assist in financing the export of U.S. goods and services to other countries.

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Regulatory Commissions

  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA): administers federal food purity laws, drug testing and safety, and cosmetics.

  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC): administers and enforces the Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • Federal Communications Commission (FCC): regulates interstate and foreign communication by radio, telephone, telegraph, and television

  • Council on Environmental Quality:National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) was made during the Nixon administration. The CEQ responsibilities are made by the Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970.