Florida Lakes

Melissa Gomez

Florida's Biggest Lake is 730 mi²!!!

Florida has hundreds of lakes, but there is 1 lake that is very special. Lake Okeechobee is Florida's biggest lake, measuring 730 miles squared! It's also the second biggest in the US! Endangered species in the lakes include the American Alligator and the Wood Stork. With activities like boating, fishing, and swimming, and beautiful animals and plants, Florida lakes have it all.

Biotic Factors


  • Cattail
  • Algae
  • Water Lily
  • Sedges
  • Tape Grass
  • Pondweed
  • Bladderwort
  • Coontail
  • Duck Potato
  • Lemon Bacopa
  • Hygrophila
  • Marigold
  • Duckweed
  • Lotus
  • Sawgrass


  • Alligators
  • Different species of birds - Great Blue Heron, Great Egret, White Ibis, Wood stork, Bald Eagle, Hawks, Vultures, Wood Ducks, Mallard, Cranes
  • Different species of snakes
  • 40 species of fish
  • Amphibians
  • Reptiles
  • Mollusks
  • Crustaceans
  • Larval and adult insects

Abiotic Factors

  • The Florida Lakes are aquatic ecosystems.
  • Florida lakes have clay, sand, and limestone.
  • Human impacts include environmental harm because of polluted runoff from local farmlands.
  • Florida's lakes' trophic (nutrient) status varies.
  • Most Florida lakes are poorly to moderately supplied with nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients.
  • Most Florida lakes have low to medium densities of microalgae and aquatic plants.
  • Temperature varies from 59 degrees fahrenheit to 86 degrees fahrenheit.
  • Water type varies.
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The American Alligator

Classification of the American Alligator:

Domain: Eukaryote

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Reptilia

Order: Crocodilia

Family: Crocodylidae

Genus: Alligator

Species: Mississippiensis

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The Sun

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How water affects the Florida Lakes Ecosystem

Water is the direct source of life in this ecosystem. Most species of flora and fauna are marine, and need water as a habitat, and not just a source of food. Lakes wouldn't be lakes, since they wouldn't be bodies of water anymore. All life in this ecosystem would cease to exist.

Positive and Negative Human Impacts


  • Florida lakes provide fun and activities to thousands of people.

- Fishing

- Swimming

- Boating

- Hiking

- Bird Watching

- Etc.

  • Freshwater lakes provide humans with water for drinking.


  • Discharge of nutrients and other pollutants from human activities such as farming
  • Siltation
  • Forest Clearing

Extra Credit - Endangered Species: Wood Stork

Wood Storks are tall, white occupants of brackish and freshwater marine ecosystems. They can be identified by their long legs, protrusive beaks, and featherless heads. They eat minnows in shallow waters, by using a rare fishing technique- the stork opens its beak underwater, waits for a fish to pass close by, then snaps it closed in under 30 milliseconds, trapping the unfortunate fish. Its size varies from 33 in to 45 in, and it has a wingspan varying from 4.9 ft to 5.8 ft. A negative impact on this bird is loss of optimal feeding habitat, and a positive impact is humans trying to protect local potential wood stork habitats.
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