Designer Animal Project

Eduardo Marcos, Sunny Singh, and Austin Rath

Environment

This environment is dry and hot. Most of the environment is flat. Water is found in underground streams but there is little water on the surface of the biome. Most of the biome’s surface is covered in sand, although there are patches of dry grass. When plants can get their roots down into the water table, they grow into tall trees with leaves at the top but not along the trunk. Plants which are not connected to the water table are small and dry, but they are edible. Animals in this environment include insects, a species of birds which roost in the high trees, a sand-colored lizard and a type of rat.

Animal

Adaptations

This animal evolved in three different ways from 2015 to 3000. The first adaptation is the sharp, thorny tail. This adaptation was taken from the sharped tailed snake. This adaptation is a piece attached to the end of a snake like the rattle to a rattlesnake, but it does not rattle and has thorns poking out of it. The thorns protect the snake from attackers. The second adaptation is the pointed head which is possesses. This adaptation was taken from a weasel which also uses its pointed head. The snake uses this head to burrow under the sand to keep cool and safe. The third adaptation is the scale color the snake possesses. The orangish color has become dominant because it has helped keep the snake less visible from predators. Many animals use camouflage to avoid predators so it was not taken from one specific animal.

Sistrurus Forsiendo

Sistrurus Forsiendo ,which is this snakes scientific name, is the digging snake. It evolved from the Rattle snake and still shares the same genus with the rattle snake, but is a different species.

The size of this animal has remained the same throughout its evolution, about three fifths of meter long. The digging snake eats species of lizards and mice which live in its environment. Its orange like skin allows the snake to blend in with the sand so it can sneak up on its prey. Being in an environment which is extremely hot, the digging snake burrows itself into the ground with its pointed head to keep cool. It also uses this burrowing method to take shelter. This snake is extremely tough. It uses the pointed tail, which it evolved throughout time to defend itself and from attackers/predators. Also, the mother digging snake keeps its young in a burrow underground and raises them there until they are mature enough to survive on their own.

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Plant

Adaptations

This cactus also has evolved and become different from 2015 to 3000. The first adaptation is the long powerful roots which it has developed which was taken from the desert plant succulence. The long powerful roots allow it to gain access to more water in underground streams which is vital to the survival of the plant because water is a necessity for all living things. The second adaptation is the gland it developed at the top. This gland was taken from the corn plant. This gland releases a chemical which is volatile to predators and drives them away, helping it survive. The third adaptation was that it has become much wider and bigger overall. The wider and bigger it gets, the smaller surface area to volume ratio it has. This means that the cactus can store more water without having that much more cells which need water. It gives it a higher water to plant ratio. This helps it survive because water is very scarce and is tough to find. This adaptation was not taken from any plant.

Ferocactus magna

The Ferocactus magna is the scientific name for this plant. It means that this cactus is very large. This cactus' common name is the storage cactus because throughout the years, it just kept getting bigger and wider which enabled it to store more water. It shares the same genus as the original barrel cactus which it evolved from but is a different species. The storage cactus is about 40-50 centimeters wide and about 1 meter tall.

This cactus uses the sun and water to carry out photosynthesis for food. It obtains water through the long and powerful roots which it possesses. The spikes which it has are what help keep the cactus cool because they help save water. This cactus protects itself from attackers through two methods. The first is the spikes which all cactuses have. However, many animals have evolved and developed rough mouths which can tear cactuses apart. So, the storage cactus releases a chemical which gives off a nasty scent to attackers and deters it away. It's offspring are already equipped with these two traits so they can protect themselves.

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Bibliography

  • "A Plant Enemy's Enemy." Student Science. N.p., 2015. Web. 14 Feb. 2015.
  • "Deserts -- National Geographic." National Geographic. National Geographic Society., 2015. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.
  • "Desert Plants and Animals." Defenders of Wildlife. N.p., 24 Apr. 2012. Web. 14 Feb. 2015.
  • Feller, Walter. "Desert Carnivores." Carnivores. Digital Dessert, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.
  • "How Plants Cope with the Desert Climate." Yecora Region. Association of Zoos and Aquariums, 2015. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
  • "Plants Profile for Ferocactus Cylindraceus Var. Cylindraceus (California Barrel Cactus)." Plants Profile for Ferocactus Cylindraceus Var. Cylindraceus (California Barrel Cactus). United States Department of Agriculture, n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2015.
  • "Weasel." (Mustela Nivalis). A-Z Animals, 2013. Web. 17 Feb. 2015.