Levels of Student Engagement


Authentic Engagement

The assigned task, activity, or work is associated with a result that has a clear meaning and immediate value to students.

Ritual Engagement

The assigned work has little or no inherent meaning or immediate value to student, but student associates it with extrinsic results that are of value.

Passive Compliance

The students are willing to expand whatever effort is necessary to avoid negative consequences, even though they see little meaning or value in the task.


The students are disengaged from the task and expend little or no energy attempting to comply with demands of the task/teacher, but they don't disrupt others or try to substitute other activities for the assigned task.


The students refuse to do the task, disrupt others, and/or tries to substitute other activities in lieu of the assigned task.