Inclusion Overview

A recap from the semester

What is inclusion?

Inclusion is integrating students with disabilities with their peers. It is finding a balance between providing the student with all needed accommodations without separating them from their fellow classmates.

Why is it important?

Inclusion is important in order to dissolve any barriers between children with disabilities and those without disabilities. All students should be encouraged to participate in the same activity with peers. Supports and accommodations may be needed in order to implement this. This is a time when children's sense of self is developing, it is important that they see themselves as equal to their peers instead of held back by their disability.

What are some challeneges?

Implementing Inclusion may be difficult at first. Teacher should be trained on how best to teach and accommodate varying levels of skills. It is important that the right amount of assistance is given. To much assistance may create a divide between the other students, to little assistance may hinder the students success. Teachers may find it difficult to encourage peer interaction. In order to create a friendly environment, group work should be encouraged and educating the students about disabilities can be beneficial.

Fully Understanding Inclusion

The class material and activities provided a comprehensive overview of inclusion. The class viewed videos on how a real classroom would function, identifying possible difficulties and strategies. The F.A.T. City assignment allowed me to place myself in the shoes of a children with disables in a general education classroom and see how the teacher can help aid in the students success. These strategies were then seen in person during the classroom observation assignment. It was helpful to learn about the topic through text then visually through videos and observation.
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Online Resource

Inclusion does not only concern the parents of the child with disabilities and the teacher but also the parents of the other child in the class. In some case, other parents may be worried that the child with disabilities will be distracting. However, the parents can be comforted by observing the classroom to see first hand, that inclusion can benefit all children.

Inclusion can help improve language skills of students with disabilities. The “peer effect” indicates that being surrounded by peers with a normally developing level of communication will enhance the child’s communication through integration. These results are not observed when children with low communication and language skills are grouped together.

Resources for Teachers

Below are a list of resources that can help teachers adapt their teaching strategies to help create a productive, friendly, inclusive classroom. Strategies include education of disabilities, children's books on the topic, encouraging collaboration, and more.
Inclusive Learning: Everyone's In - Overview