volcanoes

by Kaylin

Composite Volcano

Another name for composite volcano is stratovolcano. A composite volcano is tall and cone shaped. A composite volcano is built up by hardened lava. The more it erupts the bigger it gets. Composite volcanoes form when runny lava escapes through a fissure and flows a long way.

Shield Volcano

Shield volcanoes are large volcanoes that are built almost entirely of fluid lava flows. It has broad sloping sides and is usually surrounded by gently sloping hills in a circular or fan shaped pattern, that looks like a warrior's shield.

The volcano is produced by the action of the gas (steam or water vapor) with heat from the earth's core. This action melts rock turning it into magma.

Cinder Cone Volcano

Cinder cone volcanoes are the most common kind of volcanoes.They are steep sided cones of basaltic fragments and are smaller and simpler than composite volcanoes. Streaming gases carry liquid lava blobs into the atmosphere that fall back to earth around a single vent to form the cone. The volcano forms when ash, cinders and bombs pile up around the vent to form a circular or oval cone.