Wayne Williams Case Study

By Emily Rockwell

Crime and Evidence

In the midst of a rash of child murders in the late 1970s and early 1980s, fibers found on one victim matched those found in Williams's car and home, and he was arrested. Although labeled the Atlanta Child Murders, the case resulted in Williams only being found guilty of the murder of two adults. Due to convincing circumstantial and DNA evidence, Williams is thought to be responsible for the deaths of more than 20 others, although enough doubt remains to prevent further prosecution. Little has been reported about Williams’s early life, but his public journey to infamy began on July 28, 1979, when a woman in Atlanta came across two corpses hidden under bushes at the side of the road. Both were male, black and children: Edward Smith, 14, reported missing a week before, was shot with a .22-caliber weapon. The other victim, 13-year-old Alfred Evans, was reported missing three days before. Evans was murdered by asphyxiation.

This discovery would mark the start of a string of killings lasting 22 months in Atlanta that became known as the Atlanta Child Murders, and it would continue in late September, when Milton Harvey, age 14, was also found dead. The end of 1979 brought two more child victims: Yusef Bell had been strangled, and Angel Lenair was tied to a tree with her hands bound behind her, also strangled.

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Conviction and Bias

On June 21, 1981, Williams was arrested, and on February 27, 1982, he was found guilty of the murders of Cater and another man, Jimmy Ray Payne, 21. The conviction was based on physical evidence—matching fibers found on the victims and in Williams’s personal possessions—and eyewitness accounts, and he was sentenced to two consecutive life terms.

Once the trial was over, law-enforcement officials declared their belief that evidence suggested that Williams was most likely linked to another 20 of the 29 deaths the task force had been investigating. DNA sequencing from hairs found on different victims revealed a match to Williams’s own hair, to 98 percent certainty. But that 2 percent doubt was enough to prevent further convictions.

The only possible bias against Williams was his race in this time period