Louverture's Life Before Revolution

What Sparked The Greatest Mind of The Haitian Revolution?

Why Is This Important?

My topic is important because Louverture was the man who lead the slaves of Haiti into freedom. Louverture was an educated slave who desired and achieved freedom for all of the slaves in Haiti. What lead up to Louverture getting the ideals of freedom and equality and leading the Haitian Revolution, if he was just a slave?

Who? Toussaint Louverture

What? Louverture's life before the Haitian Revolution

When? 1743-1790

Where? Haiti (Saint Domingue)

Why? Louverture learned ideals of freedom and equality

How? Through reading and inspiration from his father

Louverture's Childhood

Toussaint was born a slave on May 20, 1743, he was the eldest of Gaou Guinou, an African Prince who was captured and sold into slavery. Louverture's started life off as a young "skinny and stooped" slave boy who worked with plants and animals on the Breda plantation. Louverture was allowed to learn how to read and write by his godfather, a priest named Simone Baptiste. The manager of the plantation, Bayon de Libertad, even allowed young Louverture to use his own personal library. In Libertad's personal library, Louverture read up on French philosophy and equality of the people. All throughout Louverture childhood, his father always told him that he was more than just a slave. As shown by this quotation, Louverture's father's words stuck with his son.

“I was born a slave, but nature gave me a soul of a free man” - Toussaint Louverture


Louverture As An Adult

Louverture was a very accomplished man based on the fact that he was a slave. First off, he knew three languages: French, Creole, and a little bit of Latin. At the ripe age of 20, Louverture was a medical practitioner, he also worked his way up to shepherd on the plantation, and he was known for being good with horses, as well as being a devout Roman Catholic. Eventually he would become the steward of the slaves of the Breda Plantation, additionally, Louverture's owner also gave him 40 acres of land and 13 slaves to work the lands. Louverture ended up building his own farmstead and turning those 40 acres into a small coffee plantation. Somewhere in the mix of things, Louverture was freed in 1776 at the age of 33. Eventually as a free man, Louverture would go on and be a great figure in the Haitian Revolution.


Louverture's Family

A year after Louverture was freed from slavery, he got married Suzanne Simone Baptiste Louverture in 1777. Suzanne was thought of to been Louverture's cousin, or the daughter of his godfather. Louverture ended up claiming he had a total of 16 kids, unfortunately, 11 of them died before Louverture. However, only 3 legitimate children of the five living have been confirmed to be Louverture's kin. Their names were: Seraphim Le Clerc (it was thought that Louverture adopted Seraphim), Isaac, and Saint-Jean.