Art in the 1900's

By: Meghan Nelson

Cubism

Cubism was first created in the beginning of the twentieth century. It was first used by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. It is typically done by paint. The art perspective is a single viewpoint that is made of simple geometric shapes, and interlocking planes. Later, the art began to take a collage look. Down below is a piece done by Pablo Picasso. The piece is known as "Factory at Horta de Ebro" done in 1909.
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Abstract

Abstract art was created by Russian Vasily Kandinsky and German Paul Klee. Abstract is far from reality and has no recognizable subject. It does not attempt to portray any realistic obeject, but achieves the effect from shapes, colors, and lines. Down below is an example by Paul Klee known as "Castle and the Sun."
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Dada

Dada art first broke out in Paris but then spread for everyone to see. Dada art is a form of art than can be described as a revolt against civilization. Many of the artist created pieces that were meant to shock or disturb the viewer. Most of the works made people question things and stirred debates. One dadaist said, "Dada is life without discipline or morality and we spit on humanity." Below is an example done by Max Ernst. The piece is known as "Dada-Gauguin."
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Surrealism

Surrealism was a style of art that was inspired by cubism and dada art. Surrealism is created from pictures from an unconscious mind. When an artist is creating a piece, they clear their mind and bypass any reason. The use automatism to draw what they envision from an unconscious mind. Below is "The Persistence of Memory" done by Salvador Dali.
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Architecture

Architecture began to reject classical traditions, and embraced the new industrialized and urbanized world. The Bauhaus school influenced architects to blend science and technology into design. People began using glass, steel, and concrete. Below is one of the most famous houses, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, Falling Waters.
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Music

As radios became more popular Jazz music became more popular as well. Jazz was pioneered by African American musicians who combined western harmonies with African rhymes. People took simple melodies that improvised subtle variations in rhythm. The sound of jazz gave people the feeling of freedom and the 1920's is known as the Jazz Age. Below is Louis Armstrong, a famous jazz trumpet player.
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