Talk Read Talk Write
Engage students in speaking, listening, reading, and writing
Talk Write Read Write
Engage with content concept and set a purpose for reading (the “hook.”)
Ask a provocative question.
· Post a thought-provoking question related to the content concept.
· Give Ss an opportunity to discuss answers with each other.
· Tip: Random calling so that all students speak
· Tip: Use sentence stems to scaffold
Make a choice.
· Post a situation or question that requires students to make a choice.
· Ask students to explain and defend choices with each
Respond to a visual.
· Post an interesting or dramatic visual related to the content concept.
· Ask students to share their thoughts about the visual with each other.
· Tip: Use productive partnering
Read an academic text to develop content understanding. Tip: Best text if text is teacher-created (or adapted; i.e., rewordify.com)
· Create a list of significant words, phrases, or ideas from the text.
· Ask students to use that list while reading to ensure they understand important concepts.
· Directly teach students ways to annotate.
· Ask students to annotate while reading so they have a record of their thinking.
· Ask students to highlight important ideas from the text.
· Give students the opportunity to refer to their highlighted text after reading, and have them explain why they highlighted it.
· Tip: Sit with students, dialogue, ask questions.
Process the text and prepare for writing.
Students talk to one another.
· Create 1-3 open-ended questions related to the text.
· Give student groups open-ended question in an envelope.
· Ask groups to discuss answers to questions.Tip: Teacher may want to gauge students’ time at first, gradually add minutes (no more than 10) as they are more able to speak on topic for longer.
· Tip: Embed the writing assignment in the talking assignment; introduce target vocabulary and have students practice using it in context of conversation – consider using sentence stems for explicit use of vocabulary words.
· Give student groups an opportunity to discuss their annotations from the text.
· Give student groups an opportunity to brainstorm ideas for writing.
· Tip: After students understand process, dialogue should be student-driven.
Communicate content understanding.
This can be used as a formative assessment to see the learning; can be taken for a grade.
· Give students a clear purpose and audience for their written explanation.
· Provide students with Ways to Expand and Explain Thinking Chart.
· Analyze examples and non-examples of written explanations.
Make a Claim with Evidence
· Give students a clear purpose and audience for their claims.
· Provide students with Ways to Expand and Explain Thinking chart.
· Analyze examples and non-examples of claims with evidence.