Chemistry Visual Vocabulary
-an atom is the smallest particle of an element, but it still has the same properties of an element
-atoms are made of smaller particles called Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons, smaller electrons orbit the nucleus made of protons, and neutrons
-If i were to ask my friend Adam what he were made of, would he say atoms?
-you can tell one element from another by its atomic number
-the symbol for an atomic number is Z
-in an element symbol the atomic number is in the lower left
-Miranda likes to name the elements by only using the Atomic Number it's a game she plays with Mike.
-an atom with more protons than electrons is a positive charged ion, also called cation
-an atom with more electrons than protons is a negative charged ion, also called an anion
-the electric charge is shown at the at the upper right if an element symbol
-Each elements has so many Ions, it's hard to keep track of them all.
-all isotopes of an element have the same number of protons, but have a different number of neutrons
-most isotopes are radioactive, most elements have one or two stable isotopes
-Like ions, Isotopes are different, but some are more dangerous than others.
-neutrons has slightly more more mass then protons
-the number is described by the neutron number N
-to find the neutron number subtract the atomic number from the mass number
-Neutrons are plain, they seam to have nothing inside of them they can't pick a personality, there just neutral.
-radioactive atom spontaneously decay and emit particles and or light from the nucleolus, that is called radiation
- the energy released by radioactive elements can be harnessed to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant, this energy also can be used to create a nuclear bomb
-if radiation changes the number of protons in a atom the element changes
-Some ions are Radioactive they tend to explode when other particles.