Europe During the Middle Ages

Bobby Manning, Justin Samuels, Cariea McCord

Govenrment in England

They were hierarchical societies, so there were lords and their immediate followers. The highest of all was the King who ruled all the lords.
It was a slave owning society where they had little to no rights. The King had what was thought of absolute power. The Church had a big part in ruling and influencing England.

Culture and Knights

Ordinary Knights were trained to be warriors but with no adult responsibilities, they had little to do but fight. Tournaments began to appear with the knights to see who had better skills than one another. Major events were Tournaments began to appear with the knights to see who had better skills than one another.

Start of a Kingdom

England emerged during the collapse of the Roman Empire, the economy was terrible and many towns were abandoned
The 14th century in England began with the Great Famine and the Black Death, catastrophic events that killed around half of England's population, throwing the economy into chaos and undermining the old political order.
KINGS AND QUEENS OF ENGLAND - THE MIDDLE AGES

Magna Carta and First Parliment

Nobles were worried about the rising power of the King and in 1215 the citizens rebelled and made King John sign the Magna Carta.
The Magna Carta was a legal document that stated that Kings and Vassals had the same rights and obligations. This was use to strengthen that monarchs did not have absolute power.
During Edward I's reign the development of the English Parliament was a huge step towards representative government. The Parliament was made up of two knights from every county, two people from every town, and all the nobles and bishops throughout England.

Developement of England: Major Events

England emerged during the collapse of the Roman Empire, the economy was terrible and many towns were abandoned The 14th century in England began with the Great Famine and the Black Death, catastrophic events that killed around half of England's population, throwing the economy into chaos and undermining the old political order. In 1066 William of Normandy with his army landed in England and defeated King Harold and took control of England becoming the new King.

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

Start of an Empire

It lasted from 962-1806. The Saxon dukes became the kings of the Eastern Frankish Kingdom which would be known as Germany the best among them was Otto I. In return for protecting the Pope, Otto I was named crowned emperor of the Romans. The first since Charlemagne.

Unity of Germany and Italy

As leaders of both New Rome and the Germanic Kingdoms they planned to unite them.
He thought of Italy as a center of a "Holy Empire" because the Roman Catholic Church and Pope were both based in Italy. Frederick I's attempt to conquer the Italian lands meet with several problems.
The Holy Roman Empire

War Between the Kingdoms

The pope and the free Northern Italian Cities were scared of losing their freedom ad becoming part of the Germanic Empire. An alliance of the Northern Italian Cities and the Pope defeated Frederick and His forces. Frederick while fighting Italy left his Germanic Kingdoms in the hands of the Lords who disobeyed Fredrick's restrictions and laws and set up their own independent Kingdoms.
Making both Germanic and Italian Kingdoms a weak monarchy.

In what way did the need for a Magna Carta affect what type of society and government we have in the US today?

The Germanic and Italian kingdoms became little of a monarchy. How would the uniting of the two countries affected Religion and Culture throughout the world?

Bibliography