7 principles of government

By Carter Johnson

Popular sovereignty

The fact that the people rule the government and not the other way around. The people have the power to elect representatives... Ex: people elect representatvives.


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Separation of powers

The act of limiting the governments power into three branches. Ex: the branches cannot do one thing without the other

“...I say, that Power must never be trusted without a check.”
John Adams, Adams-Jefferson Letters

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Checks and balances

Checks and balances allows the governments to check up on each other. Ex. A presidential veto of a proposed law

In framing a government, which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty is this: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, oblige it to control itself.”
James Madison

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Republicanism is giving the people the right to vote. Ex: a person votes for a president

I believe in the fireside. I believe in the democracy of home. I believe in the republicanism of the family. I believe in liberty, equality and love.”
Robert G. Ingersoll, The Liberty of Man, Woman and Child

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Individual rights

Those rights of which we get in the Bill of Rights document. Ex: freedom of speech and all the other freedoms

The smallest minority on earth is the individual. Those who deny individual rights cannot claim to be defenders of minorities.”
Ayn Rand

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Limited government