Chester W. Nimitz

Jessica Ready

Chester W. Nimitz

Chester W. Nimitz was a commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. A brilliant strategist, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central pacific.


I picked Chester W. Nimitz because he was influential in the outcome of WWII.

Chester W, Nimitz was born in Fredicksburg, Tx on February 24, 1885. Chester became chief handyman at a hotel his family owned. He tried to go to the United States Military Academy. however, he did not get in. He then applied for the United States Naval Academy. He graduated January 30, 1905, seventh in his class of 114 at Annapolis. Nimitz married Catherine Vance Freeman in 1913. They would have three daughters and a son.

The newlyweds soon went to Europe so Chester could learn about diesel engines in Germany and Belgium. After returning to the Brooklyn Navy Yard, he supervised the building and installation of the first diesel engine to power a United States Navy vessel.

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz was elevated to commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet. In 1944, he was promoted to fleet admiral. Fleet Admiral Nimitz culminated his long-range strategy by successful amphibious assaults on Iwo Jima and Okinawa. In addition, Nimitz also ordered the United States Army Air Forces to mine the Japanese ports and waterways by air with B-29 Superfortresses in a successful mission called Operation Starvation, which severely interrupted the Japanese logistics.

On September 2, 1945, Nimitz signed for the United States when Japan formally surrendered on board the Missouri in Tokyo Bay. On October 5, 1945, which had been officially designated as "Nimitz Day" in Washington, D.C. After WWII , he served as chief of navel operation. He died in Yerba Buena Island, Calafornia on February 20, 1966