Health Concerns

By Sadie Pilz

Middle Childhood

  • Often the healthiest period for children
  • Body is developing immune system

- offers protection against disease

Middle Childhood


  • Well developed
  • Midrange sound awareness develops first

- high-range and low-range follow

  • Auditory awareness of adults by age 11
  • Ear infections can cause permanent hearing loss


  • Ready to read by age 6
  • See object with eyes at same time
  • Ability to focus improves
  • Close-up vision improves
  • Nearsightedness is the most common vision problem

- see close objects more clearly than further

  • Nearsightedness can be overcome with corrective lenses
  • 25% of children need their vision corrected
  • Vision should be checked regularly


  • Begin losing "baby" teeth
  • 1st and 2nd graders often have toothless smile
  • First teeth to fall out are incisors

- Lower and upper front teeth

  • Primary teeth are replaced by age 12
  • Permanent teeth appear out of proportion
  • Face grows to accommodate larger teeth
  • Tooth loss has psychological effect on children
  • They become self-conscious
  • Tooth decay is a common health problem
  • Caused by:

- Poor hygiene habits

- Poor health

- Diets high in sugar

  • To help children prevent tooth decay:

- Brush teeth after each meal

- Eat well-balanced diet

- Avoid foods high in sugar

-Receive regular dental checkups


  • Excessive bodily fat
  • Becoming common problem
  • Affects 25% school-age children
  • Impact on child's emotional health
  • Teased by peers
  • Results in lack of self-esteem
  • May be inherited by overweight parents
  • Environmental factors also contribute

- Abuse

- Death in the family

- Alcoholism

- Divorce

  • Physical inactivity contributes
  • Difficult to treat
  • Family disorder
  • Children need help being healthier
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