Biotechnology

By:Malley Nelson

What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is industrial and technological devices used to manipulate DNA. It is also often called genetic engineering.

Biotechnology in Agriculture

Biotechnology is used in agriculture by making certain crops able to tolerate specific pesticides, can make plants resistant to certain insects/ diseases, can make some foods have a increased amount of disease-fighting nutrients, can allow some plants to reduce the amount of toxins found in soil, trying to help use plants for pharmaceutical purposes, and make plants stay fresh longer.

Agriculture (biotechnology focus) Career

A person with a career in agricultural biotechnology would try and harvest the natural aspects of a plant to use them as an efficient resource. Scientists use certain plants to make oils and fuels called biofuels. They also develope vaccines for fish so if fish have infections they will not contaminate the people that eat them. There are different varriations of agricultural biotechnicians such as animal technicians, biofuel technicians, and greenhouse or feild technicians. The animal technicians work on making sure that the animals are safe and not contaminated by pesticides. The biofuel technicians work on creating new ways to develope biofuel from different plants. Greenhouse or Feild technicians work with the crops and plants and need to know how to plant seeds, polinate flowers, water and weed plant beds, etc.

Bioremediation

Bioremediation is environmental clean-up and biotechnology plays a big role in it. Biotechnology can impact bioremedeation by make it possible for people to clean up pollution by taking microorganisms and reducing the concentration of toxicity of the pollutant.

Negative Effects of Biotechnology

Some potential negative effects of biotechnology include possible creation of harmful chemicals, the loss of biodiversity, the possibility of a genetic cloning malfunction, a mutation in crops, weeds that cannot be destroyed, and toxic fumes form GM crops can be harmful to living organisms.

Biotechnology Research Centers in NC

- Carolina North, Chapel Hill

- Charlotte Research Institute, Charlotte

- Centennial Campus, Raleigh

- Gateway University Research Park, Greensboro

- North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis

- Wake Forest Innovation Quarter, Winston-Salem

- Research Triangle Park, Research Triangle Park

- UNCW CREST Research Park, Wilmington

NC's National Rank in Biotechnology

North Carolina scores a 92.5 out of a 100 in the biotechnology department.

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