In the 1880's there was a generation of gold rush migrants grow up,get married and start their own families.Most non-indigenous owned there own spot of land that they could build a house on or farm crops.There were unexpected consequences due to the land boom that led to thousands of workers and investors profit wages became higher and higher.Migrants came to the colonies in hope of making a fortune whether for mining gold or from new businesses.People went to the cities in hope of work creating an available labor source.New manufactures industries blossomed.The society that came in this era was open to new possibilities that were happening such as women's suffrage,the trade union and an electoral party for the workers.
Before 1901 Australia was not like the nation we know today.Australia was made up of colonies NSW,QLD,WA,SA,VIC and TAS.The reasons for federation was that every thing was inefficient, free trade and a united defense force.Sir Henry Parkes a politician and a journalist was the person that thought of the idea.He was born on 27 may 1815 in Warwickshire,England the youngest of 7 children and was the Premier of NSW.He was voted in and out of parliament 5 times trying to unite the colonies.On the first of January 1901 sadly Henry wasn't there to see it happen.The first Prime minister of the combined nation was Edmund Barton.
Andrew Inglis Clack was the key author of an original draft of the Australian Constitution presented to the 1891 federal convention
Alfred Deakin the second Prime minister
Sir Edmund Barton the first Prime Minister
Sir Henry Parkes he promoted the Federation cause while he was Premier of NSW
Sir Samuel Griffith was prepared the first draft of the Constitution in 1891
Celebration of the new Commonwealth of Australia took place on 1 January 1901. On this day the Australian Constitution came into force.
To celebrate Federation an arch was built in Melbourne to celebrate federation.It was visited by the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York.
My place for teachers
National Museum of Australia