The New Hampshire Colony.

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History.

  1. In 1629, A man named John Mason named the territory between the Piscataqua & Merrimack rivers New Hampshire, after the English county of Hampshire.

  2. John Wheelwright, a banished brother in law to someone named Anne Hutchinson, founded a town called Exeter in 1638.

  3. Because of the general lack of government, the New Hampshire settlements sought the protection of their larger neighbor to the south, the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

  4. Samuel was equally unsuccessful in pursuing the Mason land claims, & was replaced in 1699 by the Earl of Bellomont.

  5. Bellomont was the first in a series of governors who ruled both New Hampshire & the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

  6. Since the southern border of the original Mason grant was the Merrimack River, & the Massachusetts charter specified a boundary three miles north of the same river, the claims conflicted, & were eventually brought to the king’s attention.

  7. Wentworth broadly interpreted New Hampshire’s territorial claims, believing that territories west of the Connecticut River belonged to New Hampshire.

    1. In a scheme that was effective at lining his own pockets, he sold land grants in this territory for relatively low prices, but required parts of the grants to be allocated to himself.

    2. These grants brought New Hampshire into conflict with the Province of New York, the other claimant to the territory.

  8. Since the province was on the northern frontier bordering New France, its communities were frequently attacked during King William's War & Queen Anne’s War, & then again in the 1720’s during Dummer’s War.

    1. Because of these wars the Indian population in the northern parts of the province declined, but settlements only slowly expanded into the province’s interior.

  9. After the American Revolutionary War began in April 1775, the province recruited regiments that served in the Siege of Boston, & formally established an independent government as the State of New Hampshire in January 1776.

  10. Became the 9th state in the US on June 21, 1788.

Important Events.

  1. In 1629, A man named John Mason named the territory between the Piscataqua & Merrimack rivers New Hampshire, after the English county of Hampshire.

  2. In 1641, they collectively agreed to be governed from Massachusetts, provided the towns retained self-rule, & the Congregational Church membership was not required for their voters.

  3. A businessman named Samuel Allen was appointed the first governor under the 1691 charter.

  4. In 1741, King George II decreed what is now the border between Massachusetts & New Hampshire, & separated the governorships, issuing a commission to Benning Wentworth as New Hampshire governor.

  5. In 1764, King George III ruled in New York’s favor, setting off a struggle between the holders of the New Hampshire Grants & New York authorities that eventually resulted in the formation of the state of Vermont.

  6. The controversy also resulted in the replacement of Wentworth by his nephew John, who would be the last royal governor of the province.

  7. New Hampshire joined with the other Thirteen Colonies in resisting attempts by the British Parliament to impose taxes.

  8. Became the 9th state in the US on June 21, 1788.

Reasons why someone would want to move to & live here.

  1. There were lots of trees & rivers.

  2. You could go swim in the ocean.

European Countries involved in my colony.

  1. England.

Specific Location.

  1. On the Atlantic coast.

  2. There were mountains, trees, rivers. But poor soil that was difficult to farm & unsuitable for crops.

Important Parts of my colony.

  1. Religion- Puritans.

  2. Government- Was governed as a Royal Colony.

  3. Trade Routes- Fish, timber, furs, ships, & livestock.

Key People involved in my colony's development.

  1. Captain John Mason- Named it after the county in england called Hampshire.

  2. John Wheelwright- Laid the foundation for the town of Exeter.

  3. Edward Hilton- Established Dover in 1623.