Federal Court System

By: Kaley Gallop

Different Levels of The Federal Court System

The Federal Court System has three main levels:

U.S. District Courts- where trials are held and lawsuits are begun.

U.S. Circuit Courts (Courts of Appeal)- the first level of appeal.

U.S. Supreme Courts- the final level of appeal.

Types of Jurisdiction

Original Jurisdiction- the authority to hear the case for the first time.

Appellate Jurisdiction- the authority to hear a case appealed from a lower case.

Wide Jurisdiction- the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has nation.

Responsibilities At Each Level

Each Federal Court level has responsibilities. Those include,

District Courts consist of hearing both civil and criminal cases for the first time. Each of the 12 U.S. Court of Appeals covers a particular geographic area and they have the authority to hear a case appealed from a lower case. Lastly, Appeals Courts do not hold trials; a panel of judges review the case records and listen to arguments from lawyers on both sides.