Urban patterns in Europe
by: Raymond Horwitz
European CBD's contain more residents and consumer services than do U.S. CBD's.
Concentric zone model in European cities
Poor people people are more likely to live in outer rings in European cities.
Historical Growth of Cities: Gemeinschaft, Gesellschaft, Gentrification & the Concentric Zone Model
Migration from Rural to Urban Settings in Europe and the U.S.: History and Effects